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Defiance In Manchuria

Defiance in Manchuria PDF
Author: Sadako N. Ogata
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN:
Size: 42.58 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 1231

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Henry L Stimson And The Japanese Dilemma 1931 1932

Henry L  Stimson And The Japanese Dilemma  1931 1932 PDF
Author: Major Harry T. Newman
Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing
ISBN: 1782895140
Size: 25.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 68
View: 5388

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This study addresses Henry L. Stimson, as Secretary of State under President Herbert Hoover, and his influence on American foreign policy toward Japan following the Japanese military action in China that has become known as the Manchurian Incident. Specifically examined are the questions of when and why Stimson’s attitude toward Japan changed from one of support for the civilian government in their effort to control the military to one of leading a determined effort toward international moral condemnation of Japan. As background, the study examines in detail, the U.S. and Japanese foreign policies the decade prior to 1931, the character of Stimson, and then Stimson and Japan during the period, 1931-32. Research, using especially Stimson’s personal diaries, suggests that the cumulative effect of probably five separate events contributed to the change in attitude rather than a single instance. And coupled with these five events, Stimson’s friendship and confidence in Japanese leaders hindered his decision to adopt a stronger position against Japan sooner than he ultimately did.

Japan And The League Of Nations

Japan and the League of Nations PDF
Author: Thomas W. Burkman
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 0824829824
Size: 54.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 312
View: 7003

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Japan joined the League of Nations in 1920 as a charter member and one of four permanent members of the League Council. Until conflict arose between Japan and the organization over the 1931 Manchurian Incident, the League was a centerpiece of Japan’s policy to maintain accommodation with the Western powers. The picture of Japan as a positive contributor to international comity, however, is not the conventional view of the country in the early and mid-twentieth century. Rather, this period is usually depicted in Japan and abroad as a history of incremental imperialism and intensifying militarism, culminating in war in China and the Pacific. Even the empire’s interface with the League of Nations is typically addressed only at nodes of confrontation: the 1919 debates over racial equality as the Covenant was drafted and the 1931–1933 League challenge to Japan’s seizure of northeast China. This volume fills in the space before, between, and after these nodes and gives the League relationship the legitimate place it deserves in Japanese international history of the 1920s and 1930s. It also argues that the Japanese cooperative international stance in the decades since the Pacific War bears noteworthy continuity with the mainstream international accommodationism of the League years. Thomas Burkman sheds new light on the meaning and content of internationalism in an era typically seen as a showcase for diplomatic autonomy and isolation. Well into the 1930s, the vestiges of international accommodationism among diplomats and intellectuals are clearly evident. The League project ushered those it affected into world citizenship and inspired them to build bridges across boundaries and cultures. Burkman’s cogent analysis of Japan’s international role is enhanced and enlivened by his descriptions of the personalities and initiatives of Makino Nobuaki, Ishii Kikujirô, Nitobe Inazô, Matsuoka Yôsuke, and others in their Geneva roles.

Roter Altai Gib Dein Echo

 Roter Altai  gib dein Echo   PDF
Author: Anett C. Oelschlägel
Publisher: Leipziger Universitätsverlag
ISBN: 9783865830623
Size: 69.25 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Arts
Languages : de
Pages : 606
View: 3474

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Japan And The Security Of Asia

Japan and the Security of Asia PDF
Author: Louis D. Hayes
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739102954
Size: 76.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 196
View: 4667

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In Japan and the Security of Asia Louis Hayes studies modern Japan's frustrated search for national security. The book charts Japan's attempts to fashion its own place in the sun in the face of Great Power interventionism and national demands for regional hegemony: first through nascent internationalism and later disastrous totalitarianism that culminated in war in the Pacific. Hayes expertly tracks Japan's shifting foreign-policy goals up to the present day, moving from the preservation of the nation-state by force to the drive for economic self-aggrandizement as a Cold War client of the United States. The book reveals to the student of modern Asian history a twenty-first century Japan that has rejected unarmed neutrality and is reasserting its security independence in post-Cold War Asia.

Japanese War Orphans In Manchuria

Japanese War Orphans in Manchuria PDF
Author: M. Itoh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230106366
Size: 46.65 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 4737

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Japanese war orphans in Manchuria are the forgotten victims of the Asia-Pacific War and Sino-Japanese relations, and this is an integral part of the Japanese government's 'postwar settlement' issues concerning its war responsibility and compensation.

Die Gefallenen Bes Nftigen Und Ihre Taten R Hmen

 Die Gefallenen bes  nftigen und ihre Taten r  hmen  PDF
Author: Tino Schölz
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110399067
Size: 67.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 517
View: 7041

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Das Gedenken an die japanischen Gefallenen des Asiatisch-Pazifischen Krieges ist eines der umstrittensten Themen in den internationalen Beziehungen des fernen Ostens. "Die Gefallenen besänftigen und ihre Taten rühmen" analysiert die Geschichte des politischen Totenkultes in Japan seit der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts und fragt, worin die wichtigsten Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede der japanischen Praxis des Umgangs mit und der Erinnerung an die Kriegstoten im Vergleich zu westlichen Ländern bestehen. Dabei werden die verschiedenen Trägergruppen und unterschiedliche Formen der Erinnerung wie Friedhöfe, Denkmäler oder Schreine in den Blick genommen. Damit liefert es sowohl einen Beitrag zur vergleichenden Geschichte der Nationalstaatsbildung als auch zum Verständnis der historischen Verankerung eines hochaktuellen Problems.

Manchu Princess Japanese Spy

Manchu Princess  Japanese Spy PDF
Author: Phyllis Birnbaum
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231526342
Size: 71.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 4797

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Aisin Gioro Xianyu (1907–1948) was the fourteenth daughter of a Manchu prince and a legendary figure in China's bloody struggle with Japan. After the fall of the Manchu dynasty in 1912, Xianyu's father gave his daughter to a Japanese friend who was sympathetic to his efforts to reclaim power. This man raised Xianyu, now known as Kawashima Yoshiko, to restore the Manchus to their former glory. Her fearsome dedication to this cause ultimately got her killed. Yoshiko had a fiery personality and loved the limelight. She shocked Japanese society by dressing in men's clothes and rose to prominence as Commander Jin, touted in Japan's media as a new Joan of Arc. Boasting a short, handsome haircut and a genuine military uniform, Commander Jin was credited with many daring exploits, among them riding horseback as leader of her own army during the Japanese occupation of China. While trying to promote the Manchus, Yoshiko supported the puppet Manchu state established by the Japanese in 1932—one reason she was executed for treason after Japan's 1945 defeat. The truth of Yoshiko's life is still a source of contention between China and Japan: some believe she was exploited by powerful men, others claim she relished her role as political provocateur. China holds her responsible for unspeakable crimes, while Japan has forgiven her transgressions. This biography presents the richest and most accurate portrait to date of the controversial princess spy, recognizing her truly novel role in conflicts that transformed East Asia.

Japan S Struggle With Internationalism

Japan s Struggle with Internationalism PDF
Author: Ian Hill Nish
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0710304374
Size: 48.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 286
View: 6049

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Lord Lytton, the author of the League of Nations report on the Manchurian Crisis of 1931-1933, wrote: 'if only it was with the professors of the University of Tokyo and men like that I could make peace in a week'. It was widely recognized that there were liberal internationalists in Japan who were opposed to expansion in China and were trying to prevent it - ineffectively as it turned out. As the military advanced into China, the internationalists progressively found themselves with their backs to the wall and had difficulty in resisting pressure that Japan should pull out of the League of Nations. This is a study of the Manchurian and Shanghai crises, the first serious confrontation between Japan and the world community. Based on the study of a wide range of Japanese sources, both public and private, as well as western sources including the Lytton papers, the diaries of Sir Miles Lampson, the papers of the League of Nations and the letters of Sir Reginald Johnston, it throws light on the struggles both within Japan and among League enthusiasts to ensure that Japan, the Asian state which was at once most stable and economically most successful, should not end up in isolation from western nations.

Japans Struggle With Internation

Japans Struggle With Internation PDF
Author: Nish,
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136155678
Size: 74.51 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 6795

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This a study of the Manchurian and Shanghai crises, the first serious confrontation between Japan and the world community. The Manchurian crisis was one of the major international crises of the period between World Wars I and II. For Britain and America, it bred a new distrust of Japanese long-term national objectives. It also brought home to all concerned the weaknesses of the League of Nations and the other instruments of collective security which had been devised to deal with problems of the Pacific Ocean area. The first focus of this study is on how one of the international bodies of the time, the League of Nations, attempted to cope with the emergency that broke out in the east in September 1931. The second focus is on the clash of attitudes in Japanese politics. The period covered by the Manchurian crisis was the point when civilian government in Japan was seriously challenged for the first time in the 20th century. The book offers a fresh account of the crisis, making use of new materials, in Japanese and in English, which have become available and which have been drawn upon for this work. These throw new light on the struggles both within Japan and among League enthusiasts to ensure that Japan, the Asian-state which was at once most stable and economically most successful, should not end up in isolation.

Manchurian Railways And The Opening Of China An International History

Manchurian Railways and the Opening of China  An International History PDF
Author: Bruce Elleman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317465474
Size: 62.44 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 235
View: 5196

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The railways of Manchuria offer an intriguing vantage point for an international history of northeast Asia. Before the completion of the Trans-Siberian railway in 1916, the only rail route from the Imperial Russian capital of St. Petersburg to the Pacific port of Vladivostok transited Manchuria. A spur line from the Manchurian city of Harbin led south to ice-free Port Arthur. Control of these two rail lines gave Imperial Russia military, economic, and political advantages that excited rivalry on the part of Japan and unease on the part of weak and divided China. Meanwhile, the effort to defend and retain that strategic hold against rising Japanese power strained distant Moscow. Control of the Manchurian railways was contested in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-5; Japan's 1931 invasion and establishment of the puppet state of Manchukuo; the second Sino-Japanese War and World War II in Asia; and, the Chinese civil war that culminated in the Communist victory over the Nationalists. Today, the railways are critical to plans for development of China's sparsely populated interior. This volume brings together an international group of scholars to explore this fascinating history.

Political Systems Of East Asia

Political Systems of East Asia PDF
Author: Louis D Hayes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317462564
Size: 61.20 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 3198

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This innovative, interdisciplinary introduction to East Asian politics uses a thematic approach to describe the political development of China, Japan, and Koreas since the mid-nineteenth century and analyze the social, cultural, political, and economic features of each country. Unlike standard comparative politics texts which often lack a unifying theme and employ Western conventions of the 'state', "Political Systems of East Asia" avoids these limitations and identifies a common thread running through the histories of China, Korea, and Japan. This common thread is Confucianism, which has shaped East Asian perspectives of the universe and how it operates. The text describes and explains the ways in which each country has employed this shared tradition, and how it has affected the country's internal dynamics, responses to the outside world, and its own political development.