: International Union of Nutritional Sciences
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Abstract: Recommendations for the improvement of maternal and child nutrition are presented in a report prepared in recognition of the International Year of the Child. Prenatal nutrition and infant feeding have great consequences for subsequent development or mortality in early life, as well as for health and disease in adulthood. Methods of infant feeding have become a world concern. Nutritional needs and problems of the mother/child dyad are considered in 3 stages: materno-fetal feeding, breast feeding, and weaning. Public health and education measures to protect mothers and children from malnutrition and infection through these stages are discussed. The nutritional adequacy of breast milk, especially in developing countries, is also at issue. Practical approaches to inadequate lactation are described in terms of interference with milk let-down reflexes and poor maternal diet. Current views on weaning mixtures are examined with respect to time for introduction, infant physiological needs and maturity, and potential hazards. (nm).