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Lexical Semantic Relations

Lexical semantic Relations PDF
Author: Petra Storjohann
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027231389
Size: 20.65 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 188
View: 5166

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This collection of articles sketches the complexity of the subject of lexical-semantic relations and addresses semantic, lexicographic and computational issues on an array of meaning relations in different languages. It brings together a variety of linguistic studies on the contextualised construction of synonymy and antonymy in discourse. It shows that research on language and cognition calls for empirical evidence from different sources. This volume demonstrates how the internet, corpus data, as well as psycholinguistic methods contribute profitably to gain insights into the nature of the paradigmatics in actual language use. Furthermore, the volume is concerned with practical and application-oriented research on lexical databases, and it includes explorations of sense-related items in dictionaries from both a text-technological and lexicographic perspective.

Eurowordnet A Multilingual Database With Lexical Semantic Networks

EuroWordNet  A multilingual database with lexical semantic networks PDF
Author: Piek Vossen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401714916
Size: 79.90 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 180
View: 5762

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This book describes the main objective of EuroWordNet, which is the building of a multilingual database with lexical semantic networks or wordnets for several European languages. Each wordnet in the database represents a language-specific structure due to the unique lexicalization of concepts in languages. The concepts are inter-linked via a separate Inter-Lingual-Index, where equivalent concepts across languages should share the same index item. The flexible multilingual design of the database makes it possible to compare the lexicalizations and semantic structures, revealing answers to fundamental linguistic and philosophical questions which could never be answered before. How consistent are lexical semantic networks across languages, what are the language-specific differences of these networks, is there a language-universal ontology, how much information can be shared across languages? First attempts to answer these questions are given in the form of a set of shared or common Base Concepts that has been derived from the separate wordnets and their classification by a language-neutral top-ontology. These Base Concepts play a fundamental role in several wordnets. Nevertheless, the database may also serve many practical needs with respect to (cross-language) information retrieval, machine translation tools, language generation tools and language learning tools, which are discussed in the final chapter. The book offers an excellent introduction to the EuroWordNet project for scholars in the field and raises many issues that set the directions for further research in semantics and knowledge engineering.

Chinese Lexical Semantics

Chinese Lexical Semantics PDF
Author: Jia-Fei Hong
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030381897
Size: 73.35 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 861
View: 5442

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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the 20th Chinese Lexical Semantics Workshop, CLSW 2019, held in Chiayi, Taiwan, in June 2019. The 39 full papers and 46 short papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 254 submissions. They are organized in the following topical sections: lexical semantics; applications of natural language processing; lexical resources; corpus linguistics.

Semantic Relations And The Lexicon

Semantic Relations and the Lexicon PDF
Author: M. Lynne Murphy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139437455
Size: 66.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages :
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Semantic Relations and the Lexicon explores the many paradigmatic semantic relations between words, such as synonymy, antonymy and hyponymy, and their relevance to the mental organization of our vocabularies. Drawing on a century's research in linguistics, psychology, philosophy, anthropology and computer science, M. Lynne Murphy proposes a pragmatic approach to these relations. Whereas traditional approaches have claimed that paradigmatic relations are part of our lexical knowledge, Dr Murphy argues that they constitute metalinguistic knowledge, which can be derived through a single relational principle, and may also be stored as part of our extra-lexical, conceptual representations of a word. Part I shows how this approach can account for the properties of lexical relations in ways that traditional approaches cannot, and Part II examines particular relations in detail. This book will serve as an informative handbook for all linguists and cognitive scientists interested in the mental representation of vocabulary.

Chinese Lexical Semantics

Chinese Lexical Semantics PDF
Author: Donghong Ji
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642363377
Size: 32.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 838
View: 1995

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This book constitutes carefully reviewed and revised selected papers from the 13th Chinese Lexical Semantics Workshop, CLSW 2012, held in Wuhan, China, in July 2012. The 67 full papers and 17 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 169 submissions. They are organized in topical sections named: applications on natural language processing; corpus linguistics; lexical computation; lexical resources; lexical semantics; new methods for lexical semantics; and other topics.

Language Processing And Grammars

Language Processing and Grammars PDF
Author: Brian Nolan
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027270643
Size: 43.94 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 396
View: 2057

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There is a growing awareness of the significance and value that modelling using information technology can bring to the functionally oriented linguistic enterprise. This encompasses a spectrum of areas as diverse as concept modelling, language processing and grammar modelling, conversational agents, and the visualisation of complex linguistic information in a functional linguistic perspective. This edited volume offers a collection of papers dealing with different aspects of computational modelling of language and grammars, within a functional perspective at both the theoretical and application levels. As a result, this volume represents the first instance of contemporary functionally oriented computational treatments of a variety of important language and linguistic issues. This book presents current research on functionally oriented computational models of grammar, language processing and linguistics, concerned with a broadly functional computational linguistics that also contributes to our understanding of languages within a functional and cognitive linguistic, computational research agenda.

Theories Of Lexical Semantics

Theories of Lexical Semantics PDF
Author: Dirk Geeraerts
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019870030X
Size: 49.32 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 341
View: 3783

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This text provides an introduction to the history and current state of theories of word meanings.

English Lexicology

English Lexicology PDF
Author: Leonhard Lipka
Publisher: Gunter Narr Verlag
ISBN: 9783823349952
Size: 76.57 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Englisch - Lexikologie
Languages : en
Pages : 244
View: 1139

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Advances In Information Retrieval

Advances in Information Retrieval PDF
Author: Joemon M. Jose
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030454398
Size: 79.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 870
View: 160

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This two-volume set LNCS 12035 and 12036 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 42nd European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2020, held in Lisbon, Portugal, in April 2020.* The 55 full papers presented together with 8 reproducibility papers, 46 short papers, 10 demonstration papers, 12 invited CLEF papers, 7 doctoral consortium papers, 4 workshop papers, and 3 tutorials were carefully reviewed and selected from 457 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: Part I: deep learning I; entities; evaluation; recommendation; information extraction; deep learning II; retrieval; multimedia; deep learning III; queries; IR – general; question answering, prediction, and bias; and deep learning IV. Part II: reproducibility papers; short papers; demonstration papers; CLEF organizers lab track; doctoral consortium papers; workshops; and tutorials. *Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this conference was held virtually.

Lexical Semantics

Lexical Semantics PDF
Author: D. A. Cruse
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521276436
Size: 37.57 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 310
View: 3370

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Lexical Semantics is about the meaning of words. Although obviously a central concern of linguistics, the semantic behaviour of words has been unduly neglected in the current literature, which has tended to emphasize sentential semantics and its relation to formal systems of logic. In this textbook D. A. Cruse establishes in a principled and disciplined way the descriptive and generalizable facts about lexical relations that any formal theory of semantics will have to encompass. Among the topics covered in depth are idiomaticity, lexical ambiguity, synonymy, hierarchical relations such as hyponymy and meronymy, and various types of oppositeness. Syntagmatic relations are also treated in some detail. The discussions are richly illustrated by examples drawn almost entirely from English. Although a familiarity with traditional grammar is assumed, readers with no technical linguistic background will find the exposition always accessible. All readers with an interest in semantics will find in this original text not only essential background but a stimulating new perspective on the field.

An Outline Of English Lexicology

An Outline of English Lexicology PDF
Author: Leonhard Lipka
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3111403165
Size: 24.58 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 223
View: 3894

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The Lexicon

The Lexicon PDF
Author: James Pustejovsky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108573525
Size: 35.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 1489

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What is the lexicon, what does it contain, and how is it structured? What principles determine the functioning of the lexicon as a component of natural language grammar? What role does lexical information play in linguistic theory? This accessible introduction aims to answer these questions, and explores the relation of the lexicon to grammar as a whole. It includes a critical overview of major theoretical frameworks, and puts forward a unified treatment of lexical structure and design. The text can be used for introductory and advanced courses, and for courses that touch upon different aspects of the lexicon, such as lexical semantics, lexicography, syntax, general linguistics, computational lexicology and ontology design. The book provides students with a set of tools which will enable them to work with lexical data for all kinds of purposes, including an abundance of exercises and in-class activities designed to ensure that students are actively engaged with the content and effectively acquire the necessary knowledge and skills they need.

New Trends In Multimedia And Network Information Systems

New Trends in Multimedia and Network Information Systems PDF
Author: A. Zgrzywa
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1607503670
Size: 64.75 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 2491

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New Trends in Multimedia and Network Information Systems discusses a very broad scope of subject matters including multimedia systems in their widest sense, web systems and network technologies. This monograph also includes texts devoted to more traditional information systems that draw on the experience of the multimedia and network systems. Each of the discussed research trends is considered from both theoretical and practical viewpoints. Imposing a clear-cut classification for such a diverse research area is not an easy task. The challenge is even greater due to the fact that in this book the focus lies on the most topical research work of scientists from all over the world. The studies are original and were not published anywhere else. The chapters represent the dominant advances in computer information systems and it is worth emphasizing that in most cases the research work relies heavily on the achievements and techniques developed originally in the area of artificial intelligence. As a result, the monograph is divided into four major parts: multimedia information technology; data processing in information systems; information system applications; and web systems and network technologies. Each of these parts covers a couple of chapters on detailed subject fields that comprise the area of its title.

Aspects Of Cohesion And Coherence In Translation

Aspects of Cohesion and Coherence in Translation PDF
Author: Krisztina Károly
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027265232
Size: 17.32 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 269
View: 7541

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This book deals with the (re)production of cohesion and coherence in translation. Building on the theories and methods of Translation Studies and Discourse Analysis it answers some basic, still much debated questions related to translational discourse production. Such a question is whether it is possible to analyse the (re)production of coherence, and if yes, how? Can the models devised for the study of English original (not translated) and independent texts (unlike translations and their sources) be applied for the analysis of translation? How do cohesive, rhetorical and generic structure “behave” in translation? How do particular components of coherence relate to translation universals? The volume proposes a complex translational discourse analysis model and presents findings that bring new insights primarily for the study of news translation, translation strategies and translation universals. It is recommended for translation researchers, discourse analysts, practicing translators, as well as professionals and students involved in translator training.

Integration Of World Knowledge For Natural Language Understanding

Integration of World Knowledge for Natural Language Understanding PDF
Author: Ekaterina Ovchinnikova
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9491216538
Size: 19.63 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 242
View: 4014

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This book concerns non-linguistic knowledge required to perform computational natural language understanding (NLU). The main objective of the book is to show that inference-based NLU has the potential for practical large scale applications. First, an introduction to research areas relevant for NLU is given. We review approaches to linguistic meaning, explore knowledge resources, describe semantic parsers, and compare two main forms of inference: deduction and abduction. In the main part of the book, we propose an integrative knowledge base combining lexical-semantic, ontological, and distributional knowledge. A particular attention is payed to ensuring its consistency. We then design a reasoning procedure able to make use of the large scale knowledge base. We experiment both with a deduction-based NLU system and with an abductive reasoner. For evaluation, we use three different NLU tasks: recognizing textual entailment, semantic role labeling, and interpretation of noun dependencies.

Medinfo 2017 Precision Healthcare Through Informatics

MEDINFO 2017  Precision Healthcare Through Informatics PDF
Author: A.V. Gundlapalli
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1614998302
Size: 61.15 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : HEALTH & FITNESS
Languages : en
Pages : 1476
View: 4355

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Medical informatics is a field which continues to evolve with developments and improvements in foundational methods, applications, and technology, constantly offering opportunities for supporting the customization of healthcare to individual patients. This book presents the proceedings of the 16th World Congress of Medical and Health Informatics (MedInfo2017), held in Hangzhou, China, in August 2017, which also marked the 50th anniversary of the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA). The central theme of MedInfo2017 was "Precision Healthcare through Informatics", and the scientific program was divided into five tracks: connected and digital health; human data science; human, organizational, and social aspects; knowledge management and quality; and safety and patient outcomes. The 249 accepted papers and 168 posters included here span the breadth and depth of sub-disciplines in biomedical and health informatics, such as clinical informatics; nursing informatics; consumer health informatics; public health informatics; human factors in healthcare; bioinformatics; translational informatics; quality and safety; research at the intersection of biomedical and health informatics; and precision medicine. The book will be of interest to all those who wish to keep pace with advances in the science, education, and practice of biomedical and health informatics worldwide.