Search Results for: oil and economy in the middle east

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The Middle East Oil Decade And Beyond

The Middle East Oil Decade and Beyond PDF
Author: Gad G. Gilbar
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780714647340
Size: 37.92 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : un
Pages : 123
View: 4611

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The sudden, huge price hikes in Middle Eastern oil in late 1973 yielded, almost overnight, an enormous flow of resources to states and societies that could not have anticipated such instant affluence. With this came unprecedented political power because of the control the oil states were able to maintain over oil production and prices until the second half of 1982. Thus, though covering barely nine years, the period may appropriately be dubbed the "Oil Decade". In this study of fundamental aspects of the oil decade, Gad G. Gilbar first examines the influence the production, export and revenues of oil exerted on domestic, regional and international relations. This is followed by an in-depth analysis of the expansion of higher education, no doubt the single most significant social change the oil decade engendered. Throughout the Arab world many new universities began opening their doors to an ever-increasing number of students, especially in the sciences and civil engineering. Significant also was the proportion of women students enrolling. Finally, the author traces how, as of the early 1970s, the official Arab boycott on goods manufactured in Israel was increasingly being circumvented, and a wide range of agricultural and industrial products were beginning to find their way to customers in Arab states.

Economic Development In The Middle East

Economic Development in the Middle East PDF
Author: Rodney Wilson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415491266
Size: 72.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : un
Pages : 205
View: 6019

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By examining economic development in the Middle East in the aftermath of the Arab Spring, this textbook introduces undergraduate and postgraduate students to the most pressing and topical economic issues in the contemporary Middle East. With comprehensive coverage of the entire region, the author examines the economic prospects for the Gulf and charts the growth of economic power in the region. Organised thematically, a full range of topics are discussed, including: The role of banks and capital markets in the region's development; The impact of demographic changes, such as the dramatic decline in birth rates and the implications for future employment; The development of economic advances in oil and gas production; The effects of the region's economic development on international and inter-regional trade. Through discussing the region's problems of the past as well as the present and future challenges, this book provides students with a compact and manageable review of the state of economic development in the Middle East.

Oil States In The New Middle East

Oil States in the New Middle East PDF
Author: Kjetil Selvik
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317498143
Size: 15.44 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 212
View: 959

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Oil has been central to regime survival for oil states across the Arabian Peninsula and has been at the heart of their attempts to defuse the wave of Arab revolutions. However, in 2011 revolution hit Libya, the most oil dependent regime in the Middle East. The political storm winds that have swept this region have thrown into doubt the resilience of Arab rentier states, and highlight how the political effects of oil vary across the oil producing countries. Oil States in the New Middle East brings together leading experts to critically assess the centrality of oil and the relevance of Rentier State Theory in light of the post-2011 upheaval across the Middle East and North Africa. It combines overall reflections on the political dynamics in oil states with focused case investigations of individual countries. Taking as its starting point the centrality of oil in explanations of regime survival, the book analyses how the oil states have responded to and fared throughout the Arab popular upheavals, resulting in a critical assessment of the continued relevance of Rentier State Theory. While observers have asked how the uprisings varied between oil and non-oil states, this book turns the comparative focus inward, arguing for a more fine-grained understanding of the political effects of oil in different oil producing countries. This book would be of interest to students and scholars of Middle East, North Africa and Gulf Studies, Oil and Politics, as well as Comparative Politics and International Political Economy.

Oil In The World Economy

Oil In The World Economy PDF
Author: R. W. Ferrier
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317234952
Size: 70.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : un
Pages : 146
View: 5602

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This book discusses the oil industry and its impact on the world economy in the twentieth century. It examines the importance of oil in different sectors, from 1900-1973 and stresses the relevance of oil as a factor in modern economic history not only in national terms but also within an international context. The book includes chapters on American policy towards developing economies in the first half of the 20th century; the policy of Russian oil exports in the 20s and 30s; the financing of the German and French oil industries; and the role of oil in the Japanese economy, a major industrial country without oil resources. On the international front, the book covers the impact of the Middle East national oil companies, the effect of oil on the developing countries of South Ameirca and the relevance of the oil crisis of 1973.

Challenges Of Economic Development In The Middle East And North Africa Region

Challenges of Economic Development in the Middle East and North Africa Region PDF
Author: Julia Devlin
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812793453
Size: 16.59 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Africa, North
Languages : un
Pages : 557
View: 6844

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This important book surveys major economic issues in the development of countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region since World War II. It reviews the key challenges facing the region in moving towards greater market orientation and integration with the global economy. It also incorporates a discussion of tools and methods used by development practitioners and briefly examines issues of aid effectiveness. Topics covered include patterns of growth, economic reform strategies, the role of OPEC and oil in development, water scarcity and agricultural policies, population, education strategies, labor markets and unemployment, trade, regional integration and migration, the investment climate, financial market development, gender, poverty issues and the impact of conflict.

The Middle East Economies In Times Of Transition

The Middle East Economies in Times of Transition PDF
Author: Ahmed Galal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137529776
Size: 62.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : un
Pages : 359
View: 959

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Diwan and Galal looks at the structure and prospects of the Middle East economies after the 2011 Uprisings, focusing on issues of economic growth, inequality, the impact of oil, and the unfolding political transitions. On the growth question, the book looks into the extent of structural transformation of the economy, the political economy reasons for the lack of structural change, and the external conditions in the EU and in the GCC that underpin the lack of structural change. On inequality, the book offers new measures of equality of opportunity in human development and in the job market, and it also reviews the complex political economy of subsidy removal. Regarding natural resources, the volume provides three innovations: connecting the notion of 'oil curse' to the global phenomena of asset bubbles; evidence that resource curse effects do not rise monotonically with the size of the resource rent, but rather, according to an inverted U shape; and an extension of the concept of rent to the other non-oil rents that are also predominant in the region. Finally, the volume places the political transition in the region in a global perspective using various methods – theoretical, comparative, and empirical, and it explores the relationship between democracy in its variety of forms and economic development.

Over A Barrel

Over a Barrel PDF
Author: Raymond J. Learsy
Publisher: Thomas Nelson
ISBN: 1418577545
Size: 64.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 304
View: 3151

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Longtime commodities trader Raymond J. Learsy lifts the veil of the Mideast oil cartel, showing how OPEC manipulates the oil markets and destabilizes the world's economy. With refreshing candor and an insider's perspective, Learsy explains how OPEC: twists bogus perceptions of oil scarcity to hike prices and gain political power is compromised by Islamist terrorist connections that fuel anti-American hatred with dollars from our own wallets keeps Third-World nations in abject poverty despite their rich oil deposits and became the de facto master of Iraq's newly liberated oil fields A sharp, sweeping survey of OPEC's methods of economic dominance, this book explains how to bust the Mideast oil cartel and chart our own course toward energy independence.

Population Dilemmas In The Middle East

Population Dilemmas in the Middle East PDF
Author: Gad G. Gilbar
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0714647063
Size: 76.84 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : un
Pages : 141
View: 1323

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This study provides a general outline of Palestinian population growth between 1948 and 1987 and then focuses on the town of Nablus for a detailed analysis of the main aspects of Palestinian migration and high rates of natural increase. The author shows how the recession that struck the Arab oil economies in the early 1980s, by slowing down the migratory movement, shut off the valve that had afforded the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza relief from economic pressures.