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Plato At The Googleplex

Plato at the Googleplex PDF
Author: Rebecca Goldstein
Publisher: Pantheon
ISBN: 0307908879
Size: 19.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 480
View: 4467

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Is philosophy obsolete? Are the ancient questions still relevant in the age of cosmology and neuroscience, not to mention crowd-sourcing and cable news? The acclaimed philosopher and novelist Rebecca Newberger Goldstein provides a dazzlingly original plunge into the drama of philosophy, revealing its hidden role in today’s debates on religion, morality, politics, and science. At the origin of Western philosophy stands Plato, who got about as much wrong as one would expect from a thinker who lived 2,400 years ago. But Plato’s role in shaping philosophy was pivotal. On her way to considering the place of philosophy in our ongoing intellectual life, Goldstein tells a new story of its origin, re-envisioning the extraordinary culture that produced the man who produced philosophy. But it is primarily the fate of philosophy that concerns her. Is the discipline no more than a way of biding our time until the scientists arrive on the scene? Have they already arrived? Does philosophy itself ever make progress? And if it does, why is so ancient a figure as Plato of any continuing relevance? Plato at the Googleplex is Goldstein’s startling investigation of these conundra. She interweaves her narrative with Plato’s own choice for bringing ideas to life—the dialogue. Imagine that Plato came to life in the twenty-first century and embarked on a multicity speaking tour. How would he handle the host of a cable news program who denies there can be morality without religion? How would he mediate a debate between a Freudian psychoanalyst and a tiger mom on how to raise the perfect child? How would he answer a neuroscientist who, about to scan Plato’s brain, argues that science has definitively answered the questions of free will and moral agency? What would Plato make of Google, and of the idea that knowledge can be crowd-sourced rather than reasoned out by experts? With a philosopher’s depth and a novelist’s imagination and wit, Goldstein probes the deepest issues confronting us by allowing us to eavesdrop on Plato as he takes on the modern world. (With black-and-white photographs throughout.)

Plato At The Googleplex

Plato at the Googleplex PDF
Author: Rebecca Newberger Goldstein
Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd
ISBN: 178239558X
Size: 19.81 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 300
View: 3307

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Imagine that Plato came to life in the twenty-first century and embarked on a multi-city speaking tour. How would he mediate a debate between a Freudian psychoanalyst and a 'tiger mum' on how to raise the perfect child? How would he handle the host of a right-wing news program who denies there can be morality without religion? What would Plato make of Google, and of the idea that knowledge can be crowdsourced rather than reasoned out by experts? Plato at the Googleplex is acclaimed thinker Rebecca Newberger Goldstein's dazzling investigation of these conundra. With a philosopher's depth and erudition and a novelist's imagination and wit, Goldstein probes the deepest issues confronting us by allowing us to eavesdrop on Plato as he takes on the modern world; it is a stunningly original plunge into the drama of philosophy, revealing its hidden role in today's debates on religion, morality, politics and science.

The Anthropocene And The Humanities

The Anthropocene and the Humanities PDF
Author: Carolyn Merchant
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300252714
Size: 55.78 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 5133

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A wide-ranging and original introduction to the Anthropocene that offers fresh, theoretical insights bridging the sciences and the humanities From noted environmental historian Carolyn Merchant, this book focuses on the original concept of the Anthropocene first proposed by Paul Crutzen and Eugene Stoermer in their foundational 2000 paper. It undertakes a broad investigation into the ways in which science, technology, and the humanities can create a new and compelling awareness of human impacts on the environment. Using history, art, literature, religion, philosophy, ethics, and justice as the focal points, Merchant traces key figures and developments in the humanities throughout the Anthropocene era and explores how these disciplines might influence sustainability in the next century. Wide-ranging and accessible, this book from an eminent scholar in environmental history and philosophy argues for replacing the Age of the Anthropocene with a new Age of Sustainability.

Integrating Literature In The Disciplines

Integrating Literature in the Disciplines PDF
Author: Sharon Kane
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000040089
Size: 59.97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 392
View: 1743

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The Second Edition of this practical and comprehensive resource offers a multitude of ways to incorporate literature into teaching and learning across a range of disciplines. Future and practicing teachers, librarians, instructional coaches, and school leaders can implement the ideas within this text to improve the literacy skills and knowledge of students, while also addressing standards and curricular goals of various content areas. The new edition recognizes a paradigm shift from content areas to disciplines, reflecting the specific ways reading and writing are used in different fields of study. Updated with current research and practices, the volume recommends and evaluates books in different genres and categories, with chapters on informational books; fiction; biography and memoir; poetry; and hands-on and how-to books. For every category, Kane provides a rationale, instructional strategies, and author studies, as well as lists and descriptions of books related to curricular areas. With a wealth of activities and new BookTalks, this Second Edition is greatly revised and features expanded attention to technology, digital learning, diversity, and culture. Using this text will create opportunities for deep discussions and will stimulate students’ interest and motivation to read and learn. Integrating Literature in the Disciplines helps educators identify books that fit with any subject to enhance the creative and affective dimensions of school life; encourages interdisciplinary connections; and increases the depth and relevance of lessons. It is ideal for professional development and serves as a tool for Readers’ Advisory to match books with readers throughout the school day and beyond.

The Crisis Of Progress

The Crisis of Progress PDF
Author: John C. Caiazza
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351484265
Size: 32.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 174
View: 3580

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This book is about the concept of progress, its separate varieties, its current rejection, and how it may be reconsidered from a philosophical and scientific basis. John C. Caiazza's main emphasis is on how science is understood as it has a direct impact on social values as expressed by prominent philosophers. He argues that progress is at a standstill, which presents a crisis for Western civilization.Caiazza presents historical examples, both of scientific inquiry and social and cultural themes, to examine the subject of progress. Beginning with the Whig model and progressive political values exemplified by Bacon and Dewey, he also examines other variations, the Enlightenment, cosmopolitanism, and totalitarianism. Technology, argues Caiazza, also has a stultifying effect on Western culture and to understand the idea of progress, we must take a philosophic rather than a scientific point of view. Modern cosmology has inevitable humanistic and theological implications, and major contemporary philosophers reject social science in favour of ancient concepts of virtue and ethics.In the end, Caiazza writes that time is an agent, not a neutral plain on which scientific and historical events occur. We can expect technology to keep us in stasis or become aware of the possibility of transcendence. This book will be of interest for students of scientific history and philosophy.

Science And Ethics In Dialogue

Science and Ethics in Dialogue PDF
Author: Ann Boyd
Publisher: Biota Publishing
ISBN: 1615047174
Size: 76.31 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 163
View: 4045

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This book represents my experience teaching graduate students in Biomedical Science at Hood College. Being science majors, the students have a limited background in philosophy and ethics. Most of the graduate students are employed at area research laboratories while also pursuing a Master of Science degree. Their practical day-to-day experience in scientific research is helpful in discussions of responsible conduct of research cases. Being aware of increased cases of misconduct the United States established the Office of Research Integrity (ORI). Their publication, Introduction to the Responsible Conduct of Research, defines misconduct as fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism. Concern for the breach of public trust with repercussions in scientific funding has led to mandates for courses in ethics for students pursuing a scientific career. In addition, the Human Genome Project megaproject funded Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications Research (www.genome.gov/ELSI/) recognizing that the genetic information produced by the project would come with applied ethical dilemmas. Teaching can be understood as conveying knowledge from generation to generation. Likewise systems of morality are collective acquisitions built up over millennia with social norms and values that aim to maintain social order. Research does not support the premise that knowing the rules of conduct will prevent misconduct. Indeed, compliance with rules can give a false sense of security, especially if the ethical reasoning grounding the rules is not understood. Therefore, I try to sketch a path through the potential phases and avenues of a scientific career, imagining that a person may do basic research, serve on ethics committees, and engage the public in ethical use of new advances in genetics. As a result the content of this text is divided into three parts. The first part deals with foundational material on science and ethics and cases that highlight proper scientific professional conduct. The second part deals with clinical research through which a research discovery is moved to the bedside of patients and the ethical parameters of the transition. The third part sketches the ethical dilemmas evolving from progress in genetic information to clinical applications. Helping students find a moral compass, a grounding of why one ought to behave in ethical ways in their profession and more generally in life is challenging. Doing so increases their awareness and mine of potential dilemmas and how to deal with them ethically.

Mehr Rationalit T

Mehr Rationalit  t PDF
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 310491513X
Size: 30.52 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 432
View: 6369

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Nachdem Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker die Aufklärung verteidigt hat, zeigt er nun in seinem neuen Buch die Bedeutung von Rationalität. Denn nur mit ihr kann man sich orientieren in einer Welt, die aus den Fugen zu geraten droht. Durch Rationalität entdeckt der Mensch Naturgesetze, fliegt zum Mond und entwickelt in kürzester Zeit Impfstoffe. Auch wenn manche Menschen an Verschwörungstheorien und Fake-News glauben – der Mensch ist rational. Das unterscheidet ihn von allen anderen Lebewesen. Steven Pinker verteidigt aber nicht nur die Rationalität und zeigt ihre Stärken auf; er erläutert auch die wichtigsten Werkzeuge für rationales Denken. Er führt den Leser durch die Grundlagen der Logik und des kritischen Denkens, er erklärt Wahrscheinlichkeit und die Rolle des Zufalls, das Verhältnis von Glaube und Evidenz, Risiko und Statistik. Nach diesem Grundkurs in Rationalität sind wir gewappnet, rationale Entscheidungen allein und mit anderen viel besser treffen zu können. Denn Rationalität ist immer noch das beste Werkzeug, um unser Schicksal in die Hand zu nehmen.

Aufkl Rung Jetzt

Aufkl  rung jetzt PDF
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104030685
Size: 45.53 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 736
View: 6762

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Eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum üblichen Kulturpessimismus und ein engagierter Widerspruch zu dem weitverbreiteten Gefühl, dass die Moderne dem Untergang geweiht ist. Hass, Populismus und Unvernunft regieren die Welt, Wissenschaftsfeindlichkeit macht sich breit, Wahrheit gibt es nicht mehr: Wer die Schlagzeilen von heute liest, könnte so denken. Doch Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker zeigt, dass das grundfalsch ist. Er hat die Entwicklung der vergangenen Jahrhunderte gründlich untersucht und beweist in seiner fulminanten Studie, dass unser Leben stetig viel besser geworden ist. Heute leben wir länger, gesünder, sicherer, glücklicher, friedlicher und wohlhabender denn je, und nicht nur in der westlichen Welt. Der Grund: die Aufklärung und ihr Wertesystem. Denn Aufklärung und Wissenschaft bieten nach wie vor die Basis, um mit Vernunft und im Konsens alle Probleme anzugehen. Anstelle von Gerüchten zählen Fakten, anstatt überlieferten Mythen zu glauben baut man auf Diskussion und Argumente. Anschaulich und brillant macht Pinker eines klar: Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt sind weiterhin unverzichtbar für unser Wohlergehen. Ohne sie wird die Welt auf keinen Fall zu einem besseren Ort für uns alle. »Mein absolutes Lieblingsbuch aller Zeiten.« Bill Gates

God And Cosmos

God and Cosmos PDF
Author: David Baggett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199931216
Size: 30.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Ethics
Languages : en
Pages : 344
View: 6642

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Naturalistic ethics is the reigning paradigm among contemporary ethicists; in God and Cosmos, David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls argue that this approach is seriously flawed. This book canvasses a broad array of secular and naturalistic ethical theories in an effort to test their adequacy in accounting for moral duties, intrinsic human value, moral knowledge, prospects for radical moral transformation, and the rationality of morality. In each case, the authors argue, although various secular accounts provide real insights and indeed share common ground with theistic ethics, the resources of classical theism and orthodox Christianity provide the better explanation of the moral realities under consideration. Among such realities is the fundamental insight behind the problem of evil, namely, that the world is not as it should be. Baggett and Walls argue that God and the world, taken together, exhibit superior explanatory scope and power for morality classically construed, without the need to water down the categories of morality, the import of human value, the prescriptive strength of moral obligations, or the deliverances of the logic, language, and phenomenology of moral experience. This book thus provides a cogent moral argument for God's existence, one that is abductive, teleological, and cumulative.

Der Gesang Der B Ume

Der Gesang der B  ume PDF
Author: David G. Haskell
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956142160
Size: 55.74 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Nature
Languages : de
Pages : 320
View: 2620

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David G. Haskell hat ein Dutzend Bäume in verschiedenen Weltgegenden und ihre Verbindungen mit Pilzen, Bakterien, Tieren und anderen Pflanzen erforscht. Ein Kapokbaum im Amazonasgebiet macht das reiche Ökosystem in einem tropischen Urwald, aber auch die Gefahren, die von nahe gelegenen Ölfeldern ausgehen, sichtbar. Tausende von Kilometern davon entfernt, in Kanada, überleben die Wurzeln einer Balsamtanne in kargem Boden nur in Partnerschaft mit Pilzen. An fossiler Holzkohle, die von Eiszeitmenschen hinterlassen wurde, und versteinerten Redwoods in den Rocky Mountains zeigt Haskell, wie sich das Klima durch das Netzwerk der Bäume, der Bodenorganismen und der Atmosphäre entwickelt hat. Haskell erforscht aber auch Bäume in von Menschen dominierten Räumen – einen Pfirsichbaum in Manhattan, einen Olivenbaum in Jerusalem, einen Bonsai in Japan – und macht klar, dass kein Geschöpf ohne die wilden biologischen Verflechtungen leben kann. Diese vernetzte Sicht auf das Leben bereichert unser Verständnis von Biologie, menschlicher Natur und Ethik. Wenn wir Bäumen, den großen Netzwerkern der Natur, zuhören, lernen wir, wie wir Beziehungen leben können, die dem Leben Substanz und Schönheit verleihen.

Plato And The Body

Plato and the Body PDF
Author: Coleen P. Zoller
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438470819
Size: 13.76 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 268
View: 7526

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Offers an innovative reading of Plato, analyzing his metaphysical, ethical, and political commitments in connection with feminist critiques. For centuries, it has been the prevailing view that in prioritizing the soul, Plato ignores or even abhors the body; however, in Plato and the Body Coleen P. Zoller argues that Plato does value the body and the role it plays in philosophical life, focusing on Plato’s use of Socrates as an exemplar. Zoller reveals a more refined conception of the ascetic lifestyle epitomized by Socrates in Plato’s Phaedo, Symposium, Phaedrus, Gorgias, and Republic. Her interpretation illuminates why those who want to be wise and good have reason to be curious about and love the natural world and the bodies in it, and has implications for how we understand Plato’s metaphysical and political commitments. This book shows the relevance of this broader understanding of Plato for work on a variety of relevant contemporary issues, including sexual morality, poverty, wealth inequality, and peace. “Zoller gives us a new way of going forward in Plato studies. Her reading of the Platonic conception of embodiment frees it from the negative associations of the past. Plato and the Body will radically shift the scholarly conversation. The book is truly an exhilarating read.” — Anne-Marie Schultz, author of Plato’s Socrates as Narrator: A Philosophical Muse

Rebooting Clausewitz

Rebooting Clausewitz PDF
Author: Christopher Coker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190862653
Size: 72.23 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 6007

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Rebooting Clausewitz offers an entirely new take on the work of history's greatest theorist of war. Written for an undergraduate readership that often struggles with Clausewitz's master work On War--a book that is often considered too philosophical and impenetrably dense--it seeks to unpack some of Clausewitz's key insights on theory and strategy. In three fictional interludes Clausewitz attends a seminar at West Point; debates the War on Terror at a Washington think tank; and visits a Robotics Institute in Santa Fe where he discusses how scientists are reshaping the future of war. Three separate essays situate Clausewitz in the context of his times, discuss his understanding of the culture of war, and the extent to which two other giants--Thucydides and Sun Tzu--complement his work. Some years ago the philosopher W.B. Gallie argued that Clausewitz needed to be 'saved from the Clausewitzians'. Clausewitz doesn't need saving and his commentators have contributed a great deal to our understanding of On War's seminal status as a text. But too often they tend to conduct a conversation between themselves. This book is an attempt to let a wider audience into the conversation.

The Ten Worlds

The Ten Worlds PDF
Author: Ash ElDifrawi
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0757320430
Size: 77.86 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Self-Help
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 3910

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What exactly is happiness that we spend our lives pursuing it more fiercely than anything else? The answer, Drs. Lickerman and ElDifrawi argue, is that happiness isn't just a good feeling but a special good feeling—in fact, the best good feeling we're capable of having. Enduring happiness is something we all want yet many of us fail to achieve. Look around you. How many people do you know who would say they feel a constant and powerful sense of satisfaction with their lives? How many people do you imagine wouldn't find their ability to be happy impaired by a significant loss, like the death of a parent, a spouse, or a child? How is it possible to be happy in the long-term when so many terrible things are destined to happen to us? In this highly engaging and eminently practical book—told in the form of a Platonic dialogue recounting real-life patient experiences—Drs. Lickerman and ElDifrawi assert that the reason genuine, long-lasting happiness is so difficult to achieve and maintain is that we're profoundly confused not only about how to go about it but also about what happiness is. In identifying nine basic erroneous views we all have about what we need to be happy—views they term the core delusions—Lickerman and ElDifrawi show us that our happiness depends not on our external possessions or even on our experiences but rather on the beliefs we have that shape our most fundamental thinking. These beliefs, they argue, create ten internal life-conditions, or worlds, through which we continuously cycle and that determine how happy we're able to be. Drawing on the latest scientific research as well as Buddhist philosophy, Lickerman and ElDifrawi argue that once we learn to embrace a correct understanding of happiness, we can free ourselves from the suffering the core delusions cause us and enjoy the kind of happiness we all want, the kind found in the highest of the Ten Worlds, the world of Enlightenment. The Ten Worlds: Hell Hunger Animality Anger Tranquility Rapture Learning Realization Compassion Enlightenment

The Oxford Handbook Of Spinoza

The Oxford Handbook of Spinoza PDF
Author: Michael Della Rocca
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019971469X
Size: 27.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 687
View: 6893

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Until recently, Spinoza's standing in Anglophone studies of philosophy has been relatively low and has only seemed to confirm Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi's assessment of him as "a dead dog." However, an exuberant outburst of excellent scholarship on Spinoza has of late come to dominate work on early modern philosophy. This resurgence is due in no small part to the recent revival of metaphysics in contemporary philosophy and to the increased appreciation of Spinoza's role as an unorthodox, pivotal figure - indeed, perhaps the pivotal figure - in the development of Enlightenment thinking. Spinoza's penetrating articulation of his extreme rationalism makes him a demanding philosopher who offers deep and prescient challenges to all subsequent, inevitably less radical approaches to philosophy. While the twenty-six essays in this volume - by many of the world's leading Spinoza specialists - grapple directly with Spinoza's most important arguments, these essays also seek to identify and explain Spinoza's debts to previous philosophy, his influence on later philosophers, and his significance for contemporary philosophy and for us.

Art And The Brain

Art and the Brain PDF
Author: Amy Ione
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900432299X
Size: 79.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 380
View: 5572

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In her new book Art and the Brain: Plasticity, Embodiment and the Unclosed Circle, Amy Ione offers a profound assessment of our ever-evolving view of the biological brain as it pertains to embodied human experience.