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Root Diseases And Soil Borne Pathogens

Root Diseases and Soil borne Pathogens PDF
Author: T. A. Toussoun
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520015821
Size: 46.54 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Phytopathogenic microorganisms
Languages : en
Pages : 252
View: 6749

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Population dynamics of pathogens in soil. Genetical aspects of pathogenic and saprophytic behavoir in root-infecting fungi. Effect of soil moisture and aeration on fungal activity with root diseases. Effect of root exudates on root infection. Root diseases of forest crops. Root diseases of tropical plantation crops. Crop grouth responses to soil fumigation.

Ecology And Management Of Soilborne Plant Pathogens

Ecology and Management of Soilborne Plant Pathogens PDF
Author: American Phytopathological Society
Publisher: Amer Phytopathological Society
ISBN:
Size: 32.11 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 358
View: 1785

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The study of soilborne plant pathogens: changing outlook or more of the same?; Characteristics of trends in disease caused by soilborne pathogens with spring barley monoculture; Mycophagous amoebas from arable, pasture, and forest soils; Northern poor root syndrome of sugarcane in Australia; Effects of soil insects on populations and germination of fungal propagules; A technique to comapre growth in soil of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici over a range of matric potentials; Use of aerial photography for assessing soilborne disease; Isolation and characterization of plasmid DNA in the fungus Rhizoctonia solani; Sharp eyespot of cereals and Rhizoctonia of potato; Saprophytic survival of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici in the Victorian Mallee, Australia; The changing nature of stalk rot of maize caused by Gibberella zeae; Collar rot of passion fruit possibly caused by Nectria haematococca in Taiwan; Survival of Phytophthora cinnamomi in eucalyptus roots buried in forest soils; The Rhizoctonia disease complex of wheat; Population and survival of sclerotia of Rhizoctonia solani in soil; Rhizoctonia in South Australian wheat fields; Anastomosis groups of Rhizoctonia solani and binucleate Rhizoctonia; A study of pepper wilt in Northern Iraq; Rhizoctonia on small-grain cereals in Great Britain; Fungal invasion of clover and grass roots in New Zealand pasture soils; Pathogenic Rhizoctonia and orchids; Origin and distribution of Phytophthora cinnamomi; The biology of the rhizosphere; Mode of colonization of roots by Verticillium and Fusarium; Dynamics of root colonization by the take-all fungus; A mathematical model of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal infection in roots of Trifolium subterraneum; Rhizoplane mycoflora of Gahnia radula and Isopogon ceratophyllus in soils infested and free from Phytophthora cinnamomi; Soils suppressive to Fusarium wilt: mechanisms and management of suppressiveness; Reduction of take-all by mycophagous amoebas in pot bioassays; Trichoderma as a biocontrol agent against soilborne root pathogens; Chemical factors in soils suppressive to Pythium ultimum; Influence of trichoderma on survival of Thanatephorus cucumeris in association with rice in the tropics; Biological control of Fusarium wilt of sweet potato with cross-protection by nonpathogenic Fusarium oxysporum; Integrated biological and chemical control of sclerotial pathogens; Yield depressions in narrow rotations caused by unknown microbial factors and their suppression by selected pseudomonads; Antagonistic behavior of root region microfungi of pigeon pea against Fusarium udum; Control of Verticillium dahliae by coating potato seed pieces with antagonistic bacteria; Application of fluorescent pseudomonads to control root diseases; The role of seeds in the delivery of antagonists into the rhizosphere; Interactions between microbial residents of cereal roots; Survival of fungal antagonists of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici; Control of wheat take-all and ophiobolus patch of turfgrass by fluorescent pseudomonads; Role of plant breeding in controlling soilborne diseases of cereals; Phytophthora drechsleri causes crown rot and the accumulation of antifungal compounds in cucurbits; Changes in root tissue permeability associated with infection by Phytophthora cinnamomi; Stability of Verticillium resistance of potato clones and changes in soilborne populations with potato monoculture; Field resistance of wheat cultivars to crown rot (Fusarium graminearum group 1); Variability in Phytophthora cactorum in India; Glasshouse test for tolerance of wheat to crown rot caused by Fusarium graminearum group 1; Development of inoculation technique for Rhizoctonia solani and its application to screening cereal cultivars for resistance; Phytophthora cinnamomi; a study of resistance in three native monocotyledons that invade diseased victorian forests; Relative susceptibility of wheat, rye, and triticale to isolates of take-all; New inoculation technique for Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici to measure dose response and resistance in wheat in field experiments; Soil as an environment for the growth of root pathogens; Lethal temperatures of soil fungi; Relation between root infection with Phytophthora cinnamomi and water relations in susceptible and field-resistant Eucalyptus species; Effects of soil temperature, moisture, and timing of irrigation on powdery scab of potatoes; Influence of depleted oxygen supply on phytophthora root rot of safflower in nutrient solution; Pea root pathogen populations in relation to soil structure, compaction, and water content; Wax layers for partitioning soil moisture zones to study the infection of wheat seedlings by Fusarium graminearum; Effect of frost on Fusarium root rot of alfalfa and possibility of double trait selection; Reduction in infection of wheat roots by Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici with application of manganese to soil; Effect of parent materials derived from different geological strata on suppressiveness of soils to black root rot of tobacco; Effect of varied NPK nutrition and inoculum density on yield losses of wheat caused by take-all; Influence of environmental factors and sclerotial origin and parasitism of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum by Coniothyrium minitans; Impact of herbicides on plant diseases; Effects of soil application of fungicides on take-all in winter wheat; Use of fungicides to study significance and etiology of root rot of subterranean clover in dryland pastures of Victoria; Suppression of soilborne diseases of ornamental plants by tree bark composts; Effects of cropping sequences on saprophytic survival and carry-over of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici; Susceptibility of apple trees to Phytophthora cactorum and effect of systemic fungicides; Enhanced suppression of take-all root rot of wheat with chloride fertilizers; Effect of tillage on Heterodera avenae in wheat; Effect of rotation and tillage on take-all and Rhizoctonia root rot in wheat; Activity of fungicides in soil against infection of wheat roots by Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici; Integrated control of root rot of soybean caused by Phytophthora megasperma f.sp. glycinea; Cropping practices and root diseases; Root rot of irrigated subterranean clover in Northern Victoria: Significance and prospects for control; Solar disinfestation of soils; Soil solarization: effects on Fusarium wilt of carnation and Verticillium wilt of eggplant; Evaluation of soil solarization for control of clubroot of crucifers and white rot of onions in Southeastern Australia; Relative efficiency of polyethylene mulching in reducing viability of sclerotia of sclerotium oryzae in soil; Proceedings of the first International Workshop on Take-all of Cereals; preface to the Take-all Workshop; Session 1: Culture and taxonomy; Session 2: Inoculum; Session 3: Pathogenic variation; Session 4: Growth regulators, pesticides, and herbicides; Session 5: Disease expression and measurement; Session 6: Grower observations and questions; Session 7: Nutrition and fertilizers; Session 8: Environmental factors; Session 9: Host-parasite interactions; Session 10: Microbial interactions; Session 11: Disease management; Session 12: Suppressive soils and take-all decline; Session 13: Bacterization and biological control.

Epidemiology And Management Of Root Diseases

Epidemiology and Management of Root Diseases PDF
Author: C.Lee Campbell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642850634
Size: 64.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 344
View: 3201

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Root disease epidemics, because much of the activity takes place in soil and out of sight, pose special challenges to growers who seek to manage them and to scientists who study them. All relevant topics of root disease epidemics and their management are presented: The critical aspects of specific disease components including inoculum, host roots, mycorrhiza and the soil environment are explored. Challenges of disease assessment and the temporal and spatial aspects of epidemic development are considered, and approaches to root disease management including host resistance, chemical, biological and cultural management are discussed in detail. The book fulfills the needs of researchers, teachers, and practitioners of plant pathology.

Advances In Soil Borne Plant Diseases

Advances in Soil Borne Plant Diseases PDF
Author: G.S.Devika Rani
Publisher: New India Publishing
ISBN: 9788189422813
Size: 23.56 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 444
View: 1877

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This Book Is An Attempt To Provide Critical And Up-To-Date Review And Synthesis Of Various Facets Of Soil Borne Plant Diseases Taking Stock Of Present State Of Art In Soil Borne Plant Pathogens. The Contributors From Various National Laboratories, Centers Of Excellence In Research Institutes And University With Mastery Over The Subjects Illustrate And Review The Progress, Application Of Knowledge On Soil Borne Plant Diseases Besides Updating The Readers With Recent Paradigm Shift In Soil Borne Plant Diseases Taking In To Account The Art And Science Of Ecology And Epidemiology, Disease Resistance, Physico-Chemical And Biological Aspects Of Solarization, Bio-Control Processes, Molecular Detection, Genomics Of Bio-Control, Pgpr Activity And The Art Of Managing Soil Borne Diseases In A Sustainable Way. The Book Also Comprises Special Chapters On Typical Major Soil Borne Fungal Genera Such As Rhizoctonia, Fusarium, Verticillium, Phytophthora And Sclerotium Besides Endoparasitic Nematodes, Heterodera, Meloidogyne Their Biology, Perpetuation And Population Dynamics And The Topics On Soil Borne Diseases Of Important Crops Like Wheat, Cotton And Temperate Fruits Add To The Importance And Utility Of The Volume. The Recent Development In Bio-Control, Mass Production, Registration, Quality Control, The Principles Of Solar Heating, Use Of Mycorrhiza, Utilization Of On-Farm Wastes Combined With Sub-Lethal Heating And Its Utility In Hot Arid Region Are Some Of The Special Features Of The Volume. The Philosophy Of Idm With Due Consideration To Ecology And Economic Parameters Have Been Covered. The Book Caters The Need Of Knowledge Hungry Students, Teachers, Researchers, Policy Makers, Extension Workers Of General Plant Pathology, Microbiology, Microbial Ecology, Biological Control, Molecular Biology, General Biology And All Well Wishers Of Farmers.