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French And Russian In Imperial Russia

French and Russian in Imperial Russia PDF
Author: Derek Offord
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748695524
Size: 35.25 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : un
Pages : 288
View: 7403

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This is the first of two companion volumes which examine language use and language attitudes in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Russia, focusing on the transitional period from the Enlightenment to the age of Pushkin.

The Russian Elite

The Russian Elite PDF
Author: Carey Schofield
Publisher: Greenhill Press
ISBN:
Size: 56.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 4417

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Russiske elitetropper og deres indsats i Afghanistankrigen. Om de russiske elitetropper fra Sovjetunionens flyvevåben, deres historie, opbygning og deltagelse i krige siden den 2. verdenskrig med særlig vægt på Afghanistankrigen (1980-1989). Med russisk-engelsk ordliste, oversigtstavler, og korte biografier over nøglepersoner i Spetsnaz

On The Periphery Of Europe 1762 1825

On the Periphery of Europe  1762   1825 PDF
Author: Andreas Schönle
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1609092414
Size: 71.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : un
Pages : 224
View: 5043

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Throughout the eighteenth century, the Russian elite assimilated the ideas, emotions, and practices of the aristocracy in Western countries to various degrees, while retaining a strong sense of their distinctive identity. In On the Periphery of Europe, 1762–1825, Andreas Schönle and Andrei Zorin examine the principal manifestations of Europeanization for Russian elites in their daily lives, through the import of material culture, the adoption of certain social practices, travel, reading patterns, and artistic consumption. The authors consider five major sites of Europeanization: court culture, religion, education, literature, and provincial life. The Europeanization of the Russian elite paradoxically strengthened its pride in its Russianness, precisely because it participated in networks of interaction and exchange with European elites and shared in their linguistic and cultural capital. In this way, Europeanization generated forms of sociability that helped the elite consolidate its corporate identity as distinct from court society and also from the people. The Europeanization of Russia was uniquely intense, complex, and pervasive, as it aimed not only to emulate forms of behavior, but to forge an elite that was intrinsically European, while remaining Russian. The second of a two-volume project (the first is a multi-authored collection of case studies), this insightful study will appeal to scholars and students of Russian and East European history and culture, as well as those interested in transnational processes.

                                                                   PDF
Author: Marshall Poe
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 69.51 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Aristocracy (Political science)
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 797

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Russian Elite Image Of Iran

Russian Elite Image of Iran PDF
Author: Dmitry Shlapentokh
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 65.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Eurasian school
Languages : un
Pages : 91
View: 428

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The evolution of the Russian elite?s view of Iran is traced over the past 20 years of post-Soviet history. The major thesis and outcome are as follows. 1. During most of the late Soviet and post-Soviet period, two major trends in the approach to Iran have dominated the Russian elite. The first emphasizes the strategic importance of Russia's rapprochement with Iran and is mostly supported by Russian Imperial Nationalists, notably those defined as "Eurasianists." For these groups, an Iran-Russia rapprochement would not be a temporary use of Iran as a bargaining chip in dealing with the West, but a permanent alliance. The second group believes that Russia should use Iran as a bargaining chip in dealing with the United States and as a useful trade partner, but not a permanent ally. Supporters of this view usually see Russia either as a self-contained country or as close to the West, mostly Europe.

Russian Elite Image Of Iran

Russian Elite Image of Iran PDF
Author: Dmitry Shlapentokh
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781461108108
Size: 45.48 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : un
Pages : 100
View: 1106

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The evolution of the Russian elite's view of Iran is traced over the past 20 years of post-Soviet history. The major thesis and outcome are as follows. 1. During most of the late Soviet and post Soviet period, two major trends in the approach to Iran have dominated the Russian elite. The first emphasizes the strategic importance of Russia's rapprochement with Iran and is mostly supported by Russian Imperial Nationalists, notably those defined as "Eurasianists." For these groups, an Iran-Russia rapprochement would not be a temporary use of Iran as a bargaining chip in dealing with the West, but a permanent alliance. The second group believes that Russia should use Iran as a bargaining chip in dealing with the United States and as a useful trade partner, but not a permanent ally. Supporters of this view usually see Russia either as a self-contained country or as close to the West, mostly Europe. 2. Eurasianism and similar brands of Russian nationalism became popular starting in the early Soviet era, reaching a peak by the beginning of the Vladimir Putin era. By then, elements of Eurasianism had been integrated into the ideology of the upper echelon of the elite, including Putin. Thoughts about a possible, at least loose, strategic alliance with Iran were also becoming popular. Yet soon after the beginning of Putin's tenure, an opposite trend started to develop, and skepticism toward Iran and its relationship with Russia grew. This trend has dominated the Russian elite's approach to Iran to the present, regardless of the vacillation in Russian foreign policy. One might assume this would dominate the elite's view at least for the near future. 3. The changes in the Russian elite's approach to Iran-from the assumption that Iran should be a strategic ally to a more guarded view-are due not so much to changes in the international situation as to internal changes in Russia. The more guarded approach to Iran reflects increasing internal tension between ethnic Russians, still the majority of the Russian elite, and the Russian Islamic community. The persistence and likely increase of this tension is one of the most important reasons why a Russian/Iranian relationship would be guarded and pragmatic, barring some unforeseeable turns of events. This monograph focuses on the Russian elite's perception of Iran and its geostrategic posture. It deals with the actual implementation of policies only insofar as this helps elucidate the images of Iran and the ideological aspect of the Russian/Iranian relationship. The Russian elite are divided into two major groups. 1. The first level makes decisions or plays a considerable role in making decisions. It includes the president, his advisors, influential think tanks, and intellectuals who basically shape the ideology of the government. 2. The second level could be defined as the legitimate opposition. These people criticize the upper ruling echelon, yet they share some of the premises of the ruling elite's ideology or at least believe that policy can be changed in the future. The ruling elite tolerates them and to some extent provides them a way of influencing public opinion and thus influencing the ruling elite's decisions. These people have been allowed to occupy positions in governing bodies such as the Duma and the Russian parliament; appear on TV; and publish newspapers with comparatively wide circulation. The influence of this second layer of the elite is also enhanced by the wide circulation of their books and the frequency with which their ideas are discussed in cyberspace.

The Russian People And Foreign Policy

The Russian People and Foreign Policy PDF
Author: William Zimmerman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400824991
Size: 18.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 248
View: 7149

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Since the fall of communism, public opinion in Russia, including that of a now more diverse elite, has become a substantial factor in that country's policymaking process. What this opinion might be and how it responds to American actions is the subject of this study. William Zimmerman offers important and sometimes disturbing insight into the thinking of citizens in America's former Cold War adversary about such matters as NATO expansion. Drawing on nearly a decade of unprecedented surveys he conducted with a wide spectrum of the Russian public, he gauges the impact of Russia's opening on its foreign policy and how liberal democrats orient themselves to foreign policy. He also shows that insights from the study of American foreign policy are often "portable" to the study of Russian foreign policy attitudes. As Zimmerman shows, the general public, which had a modest but real role in foreign policy decision making, tended much more toward isolationism than did the predominant elites who steered Russia's foreign policy in the 1990s. Interspersing smooth prose with a wide array of richly informative tables, the book represents an invaluable opportunity to discern probable shifts in Russian foreign policy that domestic political changes would bring. And it powerfully suggests that the West, by forging its own policies toward Russia with more prudence, can have a say in the outcome of the great choice facing Russia--whether to forge ahead with democracy or slip back into authoritarianism.

Russian Elite Image Of Iran

Russian elite image of Iran PDF
Author: Dmitry Shlapentokh
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 52.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Electronic books
Languages : en
Pages : 91
View: 3667

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Russian Elite Image Of Iran

Russian Elite Image of Iran PDF
Author:
Publisher: Strategic Studies Institute
ISBN: 1584873981
Size: 19.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Elite (Social sciences)
Languages : en
Pages : 91
View: 2783

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The evolution of the Russian elite?s view of Iran is traced over the past 20 years of post-Soviet history. The major thesis and outcome are as follows. 1. During most of the late Soviet and post-Soviet period, two major trends in the approach to Iran have dominated the Russian elite. The first emphasizes the strategic importance of Russia's rapprochement with Iran and is mostly supported by Russian Imperial Nationalists, notably those defined as "Eurasianists." For these groups, an Iran-Russia rapprochement would not be a temporary use of Iran as a bargaining chip in dealing with the West, but a permanent alliance. The second group believes that Russia should use Iran as a bargaining chip in dealing with the United States and as a useful trade partner, but not a permanent ally. Supporters of this view usually see Russia either as a self-contained country or as close to the West, mostly Europe.