Search Results for: the shallow graves of rwanda 2

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Amnesie Amnestie Oder Aufarbeitung

Amnesie  Amnestie oder Aufarbeitung  PDF
Author: Sigmar Schmidt
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531138688
Size: 21.92 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 309
View: 4514

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Nicht nur in Deutschland ist die politische Gegenwart durch Belastungen einer autoritären Vergangenheit gekennzeichnet. In diesem Sammelband wird theoretisch und empirisch vergleichend der Umgang mit der Vergangenheit in lateinamerikanischen, asiatischen, osteuropäischen und afrikanischen Ländern behandelt. Dabei wird in erster Linie nach Zusammenhängen zwischen der politischen Stabilität und der Aufarbeitung bzw. der Nichtaufarbeitung von Menschenrechtsverletzungen autoritärer Vorgängerregime gefragt. Deutlich wird, dass auf der einen Seite zwar ein „Schlussstrich“ - eine kollektive Amnesie - unter vergangenes Unrecht kaum möglich ist, auch wenn dies beim Übergang zu einem neuen System von den Beteiligten häufig beabsichtigt war. Auf der anderen Seite bleibt die Auseinandersetzung mit der Vergangenheit aber oftmals oberflächlich und folgenlos. Der Band beschäftigt sich in einem ersten Teil mit der „doppelten“ Vergangenheitsaufarbeitung in Deutschland, enthält Überblickbeiträge zur Begrifflichkeit und zu Lateinamerika und Osteuropa sowie ausführliche Länderstudien zu Russland, Polen, Spanien, Ruanda, Südafrika, Namibia, Kambodscha und Chile.

Clinton Am Kivu See

Clinton am Kivu See PDF
Author: Helmut Strizek
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783631605639
Size: 15.41 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 408
View: 6984

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In der Regierungszeit des amerikanischen Präsidenten Bill Clinton von 1993 bis 2001 ist das zentrale Afrika aus den Fugen geraten. Die amerikanische Politik hat dazu beigetragen. Auslöser für eine Kettenreaktion von Katastrophen (Ruanda-Krieg 1994 und die beiden Kongo-Kriege 1996/1997 und 1998/1999) war Clintons «Flucht aus Somalia» nach dem Desaster von Mogadischu am 3. Oktober 1993. Dem Wirken der Clinton-Administration östlich und westlich des Kivu-Sees und dem Scheitern der nach dem Fall der Berliner Mauer eingeleiteten Demokratisierung auch in diesem Teil der Welt wird in der Untersuchung nachgespürt. Dabei taucht ein «Sudan-Syndrom» als möglicher Erklärungsschlüssel für die amerikanische Politik seit 1993 auf.

Journey Into Darkness

Journey into Darkness PDF
Author: Thomas P. Odom
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 9781585444571
Size: 52.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 312
View: 1608

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In July 1994, Thomas P. Odom was part of the U.S. Embassy team that responded to the Goma refugee crisis. He witnessed the deaths of 70,000 refugees in a single week. In the previous three months of escalating violence, the Rwandan genocide had claimed 800,000 dead. Now, in this vivid and unsettling new book, Odom offers the first insider look at these devastating events before, during, and after the genocide. Odom draws on his years of experience as a Defense Attaché and foreign area specialist in the United States Army to offer a complete picture of the situation in Zaire and Rwanda, focusing on two U.S. embassies, intelligence operations, U.N. peacekeeping efforts, and regional reactions. His team attempted to slow the death by cholera of refugees in Goma, guiding in a U.S. Joint Task Force and Operation Support Hope and remaining until the United States withdrew its forces forty days later. After U.S. forces departed, Odom crossed into Rwanda to spend the next eighteen months reestablishing the embassy, working with the Rwandan government, and creating the U.S.-Rwandan Demining office. Odom assisted the U.S. Ambassador and served as the principal military advisor on Rwanda to the U.S. Department of Defense and National Security Council throughout his time in Rwanda. His book candidly reveals Odom’s frustration with Washington as his predictions that a larger war was coming were ignored. Unfortunately, he was proven correct: the current death toll in that unfortunate country is close to three million. Odom’s account of the events in Rwanda illustrate not only illustrate how failures in intelligence and policy happen, but also show that a human context is necessary to comprehend these political decisions.

Identit T Und Gewalt

Identit  t und Gewalt PDF
Author: Amartya Sen
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406762603
Size: 23.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : de
Pages : 214
View: 293

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„Gewalt wird dadurch angefacht, dass man leichtgläubigen Leuten, die in die Hände von kundigen Fachleuten des Terrors fallen, ausschließliche Identitäten aufschwatzt.“ Amartya Sen Identität kann eine Quelle von Stolz und Freude, Kraft und Selbstvertrauen sein – und sie kann töten. Hemmungslos töten. Das geschieht, wenn Identität durch die Ausgrenzung von anderen Menschen zementiert wird und so Differenz in Hass umschlägt. Aber diese Identitäten sind Konstrukte und verabsolutieren einzelne Merkmale. Lange vor dem Aufstieg identitärer Bewegungen überall auf der Welt hat der indische Philosoph und Nobelpreisträger Amartya Sen in diesem Buch gezeigt, dass Identitäten niemals statisch sind und kein Mensch nur eine einzige Identität besitzt. Es hat bis heute nichts von seiner Aktualität verloren und legt überzeugend dar, warum die Einsicht in die universale Vielfalt der menschlichen Existenz der Schlüssel zu einer friedlicheren Welt ist.

Conspiracy To Murder

Conspiracy to Murder PDF
Author: Linda Melvern
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9781859845882
Size: 29.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 358
View: 4831

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On the tenth anniversary of the horrific genocide in Rwanda, an expert witness tells the first full story of the massacre's planning, with damning details of Western inaction.

Accountability For International Humanitarian Law Violations The Case Of Rwanda And East Timor

Accountability for International Humanitarian Law Violations  The Case of Rwanda and East Timor PDF
Author: Mohamed Othman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540288856
Size: 13.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 725

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The book is a critical review of accountability conducted under the authority of the United Nations Security Council, by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), and the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET). It is centred on two case studies: the 1999 events in Rwanda, and the 1999 mayhem in East Timor. The books subjects to testing cross-examination tools to hold accountable persons with „the greatest responsibility" for serious international humanitarian law violations.

The Path To Genocide In Rwanda

The Path to Genocide in Rwanda PDF
Author: Omar Shahabudin McDoom
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108870325
Size: 68.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 2365

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The shocking characteristics of Rwanda's genocide in 1994 have etched themselves indelibly on the global conscience. The Path to Genocide in Rwanda combines extensive, original field data with some of the best existing evidence to evaluate the myriad theories behind the genocide and to offer a rigorous and comprehensive explanation of how and why it occurred, and why so many Rwandans participated in it. Drawing on interviews with over three hundred Rwandans, Omar Shahabudin McDoom systematically compares those who participated in the violence against those who did not. He contrasts communities that experienced violence early with communities where violence began late, as well as communities where violence was limited with communities where it was massive. His findings offer new perspectives on some of the most troubling questions concerning the genocide, while also providing a broader engagement with key theoretical debates in the study of genocides and ethnic conflict.

Interdisciplinary Thinking For Schools Ethical Dilemmas Myp 1 2 3

Interdisciplinary Thinking for Schools  Ethical Dilemmas MYP 1  2   3 PDF
Author: Dr. Meredith J Harbord
Publisher: John Catt Educational
ISBN: 1913808696
Size: 14.52 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 306
View: 6350

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Interdisciplinary Thinking for Schools: Ethical Dilemmas MYP 1, 2 & 3 is not your average textbook resource. Innovative ethical design projects illustrated with spectacular artwork will connect students to exciting and purposeful learning. Rich primary research includes interviews with the following visionaries: Alberto Alessi, Astronomer Royal Martin Rees, Dr. Jane Goodall, Jared Della Valle and the Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden Foundation. The interdisciplinary units have been written with a focus on creativity, critical thinking and exploration of embedded ethical dilemmas. Our strategies support the growth of an innovative and student-centered curriculum to generate real world, sustainable solutions to problems in keeping with the IB MYP philosophy.

Deviant Conduct In World Politics

Deviant Conduct in World Politics PDF
Author: D. Geldenhuys
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230000711
Size: 31.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 441
View: 7254

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A long list of countries - labelled outcasts, pariahs and rogues - have failed to meet international standards of good conduct. In the Cold War years Rhodesia, Israel, Chile, Taiwan and South Africa, among others, featured among the ranks of the disreputable. In modern world politics, the serious sinners not only include states: terrorists, rebels, criminals and mercenaries also participate in the great game of who gets what, when and how. Highlighting the rules of good behaviour that both state and non-state actors have violated, Geldenhuys takes a novel approach that breaks through the narrow parameters of the rogue state paradigm and of other state-centric perspectives.

A People Betrayed

A People Betrayed PDF
Author: Linda Melvern
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 1786995476
Size: 77.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 258

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Events in Rwanda in 1994 mark a landmark in the history of modern genocide. Up to one million people were killed in a planned public and political campaign. In the face of indisputable evidence, the UN Security Council failed miserably in its response. In this classic of investigative journalism, Linda Melvern tells the compelling story of what really happened, revealing both the scale, speed and intensity of the unfolding genocide, as well as exposing the governments and individuals who could have prevented what was happening, if they had chosen to act. The book also tells the unrecognised heroism of those who stayed on during the genocide — from volunteer peacekeepers to courageous NGO workers. Twenty-five years on from one of the darkest episodes in modern history, A People Betrayed is a shocking indictment of how Rwanda was ignored then and how today it is remembered in the West.

Estimating Impact

Estimating Impact PDF
Author: Alexander Kott
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441962355
Size: 46.41 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 362
View: 3965

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Sociological theories of crime include: theories of strain blame crime on personal stressors; theories of social learning blame crime on its social rewards, and see crime more as an institution in conflict with other institutions rather than as in- vidual deviance; and theories of control look at crime as natural and rewarding, and explore the formation of institutions that control crime. Theorists of corruption generally agree that corruption is an expression of the Patron–Client relationship in which a person with access to resources trades resources with kin and members of the community in exchange for loyalty. Some approaches to modeling crime and corruption do not involve an explicit simulation: rule based systems; Bayesian networks; game theoretic approaches, often based on rational choice theory; and Neoclassical Econometrics, a rational choice-based approach. Simulation-based approaches take into account greater complexities of interacting parts of social phenomena. These include fuzzy cognitive maps and fuzzy rule sets that may incorporate feedback; and agent-based simulation, which can go a step farther by computing new social structures not previously identified in theory. The latter include cognitive agent models, in which agents learn how to perceive their en- ronment and act upon the perceptions of their individual experiences; and reactive agent simulation, which, while less capable than cognitive-agent simulation, is adequate for testing a policy’s effects with existing societal structures. For example, NNL is a cognitive agent model based on the REPAST Simphony toolkit.

Eyewitness To A Genocide

Eyewitness to a Genocide PDF
Author: Michael Barnett
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801465125
Size: 67.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 2538

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Why was the UN a bystander during the Rwandan genocide? Do its sins of omission leave it morally responsible for the hundreds of thousands of dead? Michael Barnett, who worked at the U.S. Mission to the United Nations from 1993 to 1994, covered Rwanda for much of the genocide. Based on his first-hand experiences, archival work, and interviews with many key participants, he reconstructs the history of the UN's involvement in Rwanda. In the weeks leading up to the genocide, the author documents, the UN was increasingly aware or had good reason to suspect that Rwanda was a site of crimes against humanity. Yet it failed to act. Barnett argues that its indifference was driven not by incompetence or cynicism but rather by reasoned choices cradled by moral considerations. Employing a novel approach to ethics in practice and in relationship to international organizations, Barnett offers an unsettling possibility: the UN culture recast the ethical commitments of well-intentioned individuals, arresting any duty to aid at the outset of the genocide. Barnett argues that the UN bears some moral responsibility for the genocide. Particularly disturbing is his observation that not only did the UN violate its moral responsibilities, but also that many in New York believed that they were "doing the right thing" as they did so. Barnett addresses the ways in which the Rwandan genocide raises a warning about this age of humanitarianism and concludes by asking whether it is possible to build moral institutions.

Rwanda 1994

Rwanda 1994 PDF
Author: Barrie Collins
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137022329
Size: 13.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 3404

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Through a rigorous critique of the dominant narrative of the Rwandan genocide, Collins provides an alternative argument to the debate situating the killings within a historically-specific context and drawing out a dynamic interplay between national and international actors.

Stopping Mass Killings In Africa

Stopping Mass Killings in Africa PDF
Author: Douglas Carl Peifer
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437912818
Size: 60.99 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 188
View: 605

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This is a compendium of case studies that seek to describe the best uses of military power, particularly airpower, in response to genocide. The writers examine recent instances of genocide in Somalia, Rwanda, and Côte d¿Ivoire to draw out useful generalizations concerning the nature of genocide, international reactions to genocide, and effective responses to genocide and the possibility of genocide.

The Rwandan Genocide On Film

The Rwandan Genocide on Film PDF
Author: Matthew Edwards
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 1476631565
Size: 58.81 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 2554

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The Rwandan genocide was one of the most shameful events of the 20th century. Many Westerners’ understanding of it is based upon the Oscar-winning film Hotel Rwanda and the critically acclaimed Shooting Dogs. Yet how accurately do these films depict events in Rwanda in 1994? Drawing on new scholarship, this collection of essays explores a variety of feature films and documentaries about the genocide to understand its expression in both Western and Rwandan cinema. Interviews with filmmakers are featured, including journalist Steve Bradshaw (BBC’s Panorama), director Nick Hughes (100 Days), director Lee Isaac Chung (Munyurangabo) and Rwandan filmmakers Eric Kabera and Kivu Ruhorahoza.

The United Nations Development Programme

The United Nations Development Programme PDF
Author: Craig N. Murphy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139458981
Size: 72.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 2184

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The United Nations Development Programme is the central network co-ordinating the work of the United Nations in over 160 developing countries. This 2006 book provides the first authoritative and accessible history of the Programme and its predecessors. Based on the findings of hundreds of interviews and archives in more than two dozen countries, Craig Murphy traces the history of the UNDP's organizational structure and mission, its relationship to the multilateral financial institutions, and the development of its doctrines. He argues that the principles on which the UNDP was founded remain as relevant in a world divided by terrorism as they were in the immediate aftermath of the Second World War, as are the fundamental problems that have plagued the Programme from its origin, including the opposition of traditionally isolationist forces in the industrialized world.