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The Zimmermann Telegram

The Zimmermann Telegram PDF
Author: Thomas Boghardt
Publisher: Naval Institute Press
ISBN: 1612511481
Size: 36.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 319
View: 7087

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By the winter of 1916/17, World War I had reached a deadlock. While the Allies commanded greater resources and fielded more soldiers than the Central Powers, German armies had penetrated deep into Russia and France, and tenaciously held on to their conquered empire. Hoping to break the stalemate on the western front, the exhausted Allies sought to bring the neutral United States into the conflict. A golden opportunity to force American intervention seemed at hand when British naval intelligence intercepted a secret telegram detailing a German alliance offer to Mexico. In it, Berlin's foreign secretary, Arthur Zimmermann, offered his country's support to Mexico for re-conquering "the lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona" in exchange for a Mexican attack on the United States, should the latter enter the war on the side of the Allies. The British handed a copy of the Telegram to the American government, which in turn leaked it to the press. On March 1, 1917, the Telegram made headline news across the United States, and five weeks later, America entered World War I. Based on an examination of virtually all available German, British, and U.S. government records, this book presents the definitive account of the Telegram and questions many traditional views on the origins, cryptanalysis, and impact of the German alliance scheme. While the Telegram has often been described as the final step in a carefully planned German strategy to gain a foothold in the western hemisphere, this book argues that the scheme was a spontaneous initiative by a minor German foreign office official, which gained traction only because of a lack of supervision and coordination at the top echelon of the German government. On the other hand, the book argues, American and British secret services had collaborated closely since 1915 to bring the United States into the war, and the Telegram's interception and disclosure represented the crowning achievement of this clandestine Anglo-American intelligence alliance. Moreover, the book explicitly challenges the widely accepted notion that the Telegram's publication in the U.S. press rallied Americans for war. Instead, it contends that the Telegram divided the public by poisoning the debate over intervention, and by failing to offer peace-minded Americans a convincing rationale for supporting the war. The book also examines the Telegram's effect on the memory of World War I through the twentieth century and beyond.

The Zimmermann Telegram

The Zimmermann Telegram PDF
Author: Barbara Tuchman
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241968275
Size: 74.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 3973

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Barbara Tuchman's The Zimmerman Telegram is one of the greatest spy stories of all time. Nothing can stop an enemy from picking wireless messages out of the free air - and nothing did. In England, Room 40 was born . . . In January 1917, with the First World War locked in terrible stalemate and America still neutral, German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmerman gambled the future of the conflict on a single telegram. But this message was intercepted and decoded in Whitehall's legendary Room 40 - and Zimmerman's audacious scheme for world domination was exposed, bringing America into the war and changing the course of history. The story of how this happened and the incalculable consequences are thrillingly told in Barbara Tuchman's brilliant exploration. 'A most exciting book, full of vivid pen portraits and curious episodes' Sunday Times 'As thrilling as a John Buchan novel' The Times Literary Supplement 'Its 200 pages are worth more than all the thrillers and whodunits of the fiction writers put together'Herald 'A fine exciting book told with intense drama. A thriller of real life' Observer 'Brilliant. Told with great literary and dramatic talent' New York Times Book Review Barbara Tuchman achieved prominence as a historian with The Zimmerman Telegram and international fame with the Pulitzer-Prize winning The Guns of August. She is also the author of The Proud Tower, Stilwell and the American Experience in China (also awarded the Pulitzer Prize), A Distant Mirror and The March of Folly. She died in 1989. The Guns of August and The Proud Tower are published by Penguin.

Die Zimmermann Depesche

Die Zimmermann Depesche PDF
Author: Barbara Wertheim Tuchman
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783404650392
Size: 79.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : World War, 1914-1918
Languages : en
Pages : 346
View: 3040

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The Zimmermann Telegram 1 Publ

The Zimmermann Telegram   1  Publ   PDF
Author: Barbara Wertheim Tuchman
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 76.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : World War, 1914-1918
Languages : en
Pages : 244
View: 1217

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The story of how, in January of 1917, the British intercepted and deciphered a message from Berlin which they knew would bring America to the aid of the Allies. It involves a tale of espionage, secret diplomacy, international politics and personal drama probably unparalleled in history.

Betrachtungen Zum Weltkriege

Betrachtungen zum Weltkriege PDF
Author: Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783957382986
Size: 26.20 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : de
Pages : 214
View: 2506

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Der Erste Weltkrieg (1914-1918) forderte siebzehn Millionen Menschenleben und stellte die Weichen fur Europas Zukunft. Das hier vorliegende Werk schildert den Blick eines Zeitgenossen auf die Verhaltnisse und Umstande vor dem Krieg und wahrend des Kriegszustandes. Der Verfasser Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg (1856-1921) war Reichskanzler im deutschen Kaiserreich und vertrat eine liberale und fortschrittliche Auffassung von Politik. Der erste Band schildert die Verhaltnisse vor Kriegsausbruch. Qualitativ hochwertiger Nachdruck der Originalausgabe aus dem Jahre 1919.

Prologue

Prologue PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 51.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Archives
Languages : en
Pages :
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Neutral Countries As Clandestine Battlegrounds 1939 1968

Neutral Countries as Clandestine Battlegrounds  1939   1968 PDF
Author: André Gerolymatos
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498583210
Size: 25.54 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 285
View: 3809

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During the Second World War and the subsequent Cold War, foreign agents conducted intelligence-gathering, sabotage, and subversive operations inside neutral countries aimed at damaging their opponents' interests. The essays contained in this collection analyze the risks of espionage operations on neutral soil as well as the dangers such covert activities posed for the governments of neutral states. In striving to avoid involvement in the firing line of the Second World War or the front line of the Cold War, the contributors argue that neutral states developed security policies that focused on protecting their own sovereignty without provoking overt hostility from any of the great powers. This collection describes how the warring parties engaged in competition on neutral territory and analyzes how neutral governments rose to the existential challenge posed by international spies, their own venal officials, and even foreign assassins.

The World S Greatest Spies

The World s Greatest Spies PDF
Author: Charles Wighton
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 64.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Espionage
Languages : en
Pages : 319
View: 2768

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Tales of ingenious espionage methods employed from ancient times to the present.

Spy Counterspy

Spy counterspy PDF
Author: Vincent Buranelli
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies
ISBN:
Size: 68.32 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 361
View: 168

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Offers profiles of individual spies, recounts famous espionage incidents, identifies secret organizations, and explains common espionage techniques