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Warriors Merchants And Slaves

Warriors  Merchants  and Slaves PDF
Author:
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804766134
Size: 53.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 293
View: 438

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Over the course of two centuries, the region of the Middle Niger valley of the Western Sudan was dominated by three successive states: the indigenous Segu Bambara state, the Islamic Umarian state, and the French colonial state. In each of these states, warriors were the rulers, and not surprisingly warfare was the primary expression of state power. The survival of each state depended on its ability to reproduce its capacity to make war; in order to do so, the warrior state intervened in the economy. In each of the three states, the interrelationship of warfare, the state, and the economy produced different results. How the state actually intervened in the economy and how this intervention influenced the structure and performance of the economy is the subject of this book. During the 200 years under study, the regional economy of the Middle Niger valley expanded and contracted in response to the state's capacity to provide conditions favorable to commercial development, capital accumulation, and investment. When the Segu Bambara state was able to control the autonomy of its warriors, the state encouraged the expansion of the regional economy. The Umarians, on the other hand, preyed upon producers within the region, and created conditions that discouraged long-term investments. The very success of the French conquest initially encouraged investment, especially in the form of slaves. After 1894, however, conflict between civilian colonial authorities and the French military undermined the economic and social foundations erected by the military. From 1905 to 1914, slaves left their masters and helped once again to transform the structure and performance of the economy.

Soldiers Traders And Slaves

Soldiers  Traders  and Slaves PDF
Author: Janet Ewald
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299126049
Size: 79.34 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 270
View: 5204

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In the Nuba Hills, on the frontiers of the Islamic Sudan, a dynasty of Muslim warrior kings arose in the eighteenth century. Their kingdom, Taqali, survived as an independent state, resisting conquest by larger empires, and coming under external control only during the twentieth century. Janet Ewald has written the first comprehensive account of the origins and development of the Taqali kingdom. Ewald shows how events originating far beyond the Taqali massif allowed local Muslim soldiers to become kings of the Taqali in the eighteenth century and then to hold on to their power. But the nature of that power was shaped by the highland farmers who stubbornly and largely successfully resisted the efforts of the kings to parlay their control over the means of production. In this struggle religion became an ideological weapon on both sides, as the Taqali farmers asserted their local beliefs against their Muslim rulers. Political confrontations also bore unintended economic consequences. Ewald's account of Taqali challenges current views on the impact of Islam, merchant capitalism, and Egyptian military administration in nineteenth-century Sudan.

Transformations In Slavery

Transformations in Slavery PDF
Author: Paul E. Lovejoy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139502778
Size: 21.68 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4921

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This history of African slavery from the fifteenth to the early twentieth centuries examines how indigenous African slavery developed within an international context. Paul E. Lovejoy discusses the medieval Islamic slave trade and the Atlantic trade as well as the enslavement process and the marketing of slaves. He considers the impact of European abolition and assesses slavery's role in African history. The book corrects the accepted interpretation that African slavery was mild and resulted in the slaves' assimilation. Instead, slaves were used extensively in production, although the exploitation methods and the relationships to world markets differed from those in the Americas. Nevertheless, slavery in Africa, like slavery in the Americas, developed from its position on the periphery of capitalist Europe. This new edition revises all statistical material on the slave trade demography and incorporates recent research and an updated bibliography.

Pre Colonial Africa In Colonial African Narratives

Pre Colonial Africa in Colonial African Narratives PDF
Author: Donald R. Wehrs
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131707629X
Size: 68.19 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 206
View: 3736

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In his study of the origins of political reflection in twentieth-century African fiction, Donald Wehrs examines a neglected but important body of African texts written in colonial (English and French) and indigenous (Hausa and Yoruba) languages. He explores pioneering narrative representations of pre-colonial African history and society in seven texts: Casely Hayford's Ethiopia Unbound (1911), Alhaji Sir Abubaker Tafawa Balewa's Shaihu Umar (1934), Paul Hazoumé's Doguicimi (1938), D.O. Fagunwa's Forest of a Thousand Daemons (1938), Amos Tutuola's The Palm-Wine Drinkard (1952) and My Life in the Bush of Ghosts (1954), and Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart (1958). Wehrs highlights the role of pre-colonial political economies and articulations of state power on colonial-era considerations of ethical and political issues, and is attentive to the gendered implications of texts and authorial choices. By positioning Things Fall Apart as the culmination of a tradition, rather than as its inaugural work, he also reconfigures how we think of African fiction. His book supplements recent work on the importance of indigenous contexts and discourses in situating colonial-era narratives and will inspire fresh methodological strategies for studying the continent from a multiplicity of perspectives.

Die Konomie Der Ackerbauer Viehhalter Und Fischer

Die   konomie der Ackerbauer  Viehhalter und Fischer PDF
Author: Volker Stamm
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110582473
Size: 34.36 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 197
View: 2588

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In der bisherigen Forschung zur westafrikanischen Wirtschaftsgeschichte nahm die Agrargeschichte eine untergeordnete Rolle ein, trotz der überragenden Bedeutung der Landwirtschaft für die Menschen in historischer Zeit. Ihr ist die vorliegende Publikation gewidmet. Gestützt auf umfangreiche schriftliche und archäologische Quellen untersucht sie Anbau- und Viehhaltungssysteme in der Zeitspanne von ca. 1000 bis 1900 in der westafrikanischen Savannenregion. Dabei konzentriert sie sich auf die verbreiteten Agrarpraktiken und ihre Ergebnisse. Es wird untersucht, welche Güter erzeugt wurden und welche Verwendung sie fanden. War die Landwirtschaft rein auf die Selbstversorgung ausgerichtet oder gab es, lange vor dem Einfluss europäischer Kaufleute, bereits innerafrikanische Handelsbeziehungen? Welche Entwicklungspfade schlugen die Agrarsysteme ein, oder müssen sie als statisch betrachtet werden? Trotz starker externer Einflüsse, etwa im Rahmen des Sklavenhandels, wird die Rolle der internen Akteure, der Ackerbauern, Viehhalter und Fischer, besonders hervorgehoben. Im Ergebnis zeigt sich das Bild eines vielgestaltigen Wirtschaftslebens, das sich immer wieder an geänderte äußere Bedingungen anpasste. Bis zum Einsetzen der Kolonialherrschaft wies es viele der Charakteristika auf, die auch von anderen vorindustriellen Gesellschaftsformationen bekannt sind.

Weltgeschichte Der Sklaverei

Weltgeschichte der Sklaverei PDF
Author: Egon Flaig
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406621963
Size: 71.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Sklaverei - Geschichte
Languages : de
Pages : 243
View: 5187

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After Slavery

After Slavery PDF
Author: Howard Temperley
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0714650226
Size: 29.24 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 310
View: 7553

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A collection of essays in which every contributor focuses upon some aspect of slave emancipation with the aim of assessing to what extent the outcome met with expectation. The hopes and disappointments that characterized the transition from slavery to freedom are depicted.

The Atlantic Slave Trade

The Atlantic Slave Trade PDF
Author: Jeremy Black
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351147668
Size: 47.24 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 421
View: 5554

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Covering the Atlantic slave trade from its origins to 1600, the essays in this collection look at the reasons for the causes of slavery and serfdom, slavery in Africa, the development of the slave trade, the demographic situation in Latin America and European attitudes to slavery as an institution.

Colberts Afrika

Colberts Afrika PDF
Author: Benjamin Steiner
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486991264
Size: 39.23 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 495
View: 3108

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kaum ein Kontinent wird in der Geschichte des modernen Staats in größeren Gegensatz zu einem vermeintlichen europäischen Sonderweg gestellt als Afrika. Benjamin Steiner zeigt hingegen die Abhängigkeit der Staatenbildung in Europa von der Einbindung in die atlantische Welt und rückt sie in den Kontext der europäischen Expansion. Am Beispiel der französischen Präsenz in Westafrika, Madagaskar und den Maskarenen von ihren Anfängen bis in das erste Drittel des 18. Jahrhunderts entwickelt Steiner ein überraschendes Bild der Staatenbildung in der Frühen Neuzeit. Die Genese Frankreichs als Modellstaat des 17. Jahrhunderts und gerade die modern anmutenden Verwaltungsstrukturen sind ohne die Herausforderung der Distanzherrschaft nicht denkbar. Dabei galt Afrika den Zeitgenossen noch nicht als prinzipiell ‚anders‘, vielmehr erkannte man Ähnlichkeiten und Möglichkeiten der Einbindung in ein entstehendes Staatensystem, das eine Begegnung auf Augenhöhe erlaubte. Es entsteht eine beeindruckende Wissens- und Begegnungsgeschichte zwischen Frankreich und Teilen Afrikas.

Slavery And Abolition In The Ottoman Middle East

Slavery and Abolition in the Ottoman Middle East PDF
Author: Ehud R. Toledano
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295802421
Size: 21.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 204
View: 5546

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In the Ottoman Empire, many members of the ruling elite were legally slaves of the sultan and therefore could, technically, be ordered to surrender their labor, their property, or their lives at any moment. Nevertheless, slavery provided a means of social mobility, conferring status and political power within the military, the bureaucracy, or the domestic household and formed an essential part of patronage networks. Ehud R. Toledano�s exploration of slavery from the Ottoman viewpoint is based on extensive research in British, French, and Turkish archives and offers rich, original, and important insights into Ottoman life and thought. In an attempt to humanize the narrative and take it beyond the plane of numbers, tables and charts, Toledano examines the situations of individuals representing the principal realms of Ottoman slavery, female harem slaves, the sultan�s military and civilian kuls, court and elite eunuchs, domestic slaves, Circassian agricaultural slaves, slave dealers, and slave owners. Slavery and Abolition in the Ottoman Middle East makes available new and significantly revised studies on nineteenth-century Middle Eastern slavery and suggests general approaches to the study of slavery in different cultures.

The Legacy Of Arab Islam In Africa

The Legacy of Arab Islam in Africa PDF
Author: John Allembillah Azumah
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1780746857
Size: 28.11 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 5781

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Thoughtful and challenging, this book argues for a reassessment of the role historically played by Islam in Africa, and offers new hope for in creased mutual understanding between African people of different faiths. Drawing on a wealth of sources, from the colonial period to the most up-to-date scholarship, the author challenges the widely held perception th at, while Christianity oppressed and subjugated the African people, Islam fitted comfortably into the indigenous landscape. Instead, this penetrating account reveals Muslim settlers to be as guilty of enforcing slavery and conversion as those of their more maligned sister tradition. Only with an acknowledgement of the true roles of both faiths in African history, suggests Azumah, can the people of both traditions move themselves and their continent towards a new future of tolerance and self-awareness.

The Claims Of Kinfolk

The Claims of Kinfolk PDF
Author: Dylan C. Penningroth
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 19.33 MB
Format: PDF
Category : African Americans
Languages : en
Pages : 310
View: 4339

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Claims of Kinfolk: African American Property and Community in the Nineteenth-Century South

Gender And Slave Emancipation In The Atlantic World

Gender and Slave Emancipation in the Atlantic World PDF
Author: Pamela Scully
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822387468
Size: 62.33 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 390
View: 5681

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This groundbreaking collection provides the first comparative history of gender and emancipation in the Atlantic world. Bringing together essays on the United States, Brazil, Cuba, Puerto Rico, West Africa and South Africa, and the Francophone and Anglophone Caribbean, it shows that emancipation was a profoundly gendered process, produced through connections between race, gender, sexuality, and class. Contributors from the United States, Canada, Europe, the Caribbean, and Brazil explore how the processes of emancipation involved the re-creation of gender identities—the production of freedmen and freedwomen with different rights, responsibilities, and access to citizenship. Offering detailed analyses of slave emancipation in specific societies, the contributors discuss all of the diverse actors in emancipation: slaves, abolitionists, free people of color, state officials, and slave owners. Whether considering the construction of a postslavery masculine subjectivity in Jamaica, the work of two white U.S. abolitionist women with the Freedmen’s Bureau after the Civil War, freedwomen’s negotiations of labor rights in Puerto Rico, slave women’s contributions to the slow unraveling of slavery in French West Africa, or the ways that Brazilian abolitionists deployed representations of femininity as virtuous and moral, these essays demonstrate the gains that a gendered approach offers to understanding the complex processes of emancipation. Some chapters also explore theories and methodologies that enable a gendered reading of postslavery archives. The editors’ substantial introduction traces the reasons for and patterns of women’s and men’s different experiences of emancipation throughout the Atlantic world. Contributors. Martha Abreu, Sheena Boa, Bridget Brereton, Carol Faulkner, Roger Kittleson, Martin Klein, Melanie Newton, Diana Paton, Sue Peabody, Richard Roberts, Ileana M. Rodriguez-Silva, Hannah Rosen, Pamela Scully, Mimi Sheller, Marek Steedman, Michael Zeuske

The Slave Trade And Culture In The Bight Of Biafra

The Slave Trade and Culture in the Bight of Biafra PDF
Author: G. Ugo Nwokeji
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139489542
Size: 18.53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 2352

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The Slave Trade and Culture in the Bight of Biafra dissects and explains the structure, dramatic expansion, and manifold effects of the slave trade in the Bight of Biafra. By showing that the rise of the Aro merchant group was the key factor in trade expansion, G. Ugo Nwokeji reinterprets why and how such large-scale commerce developed in the absence of large-scale centralized states. The result is the first study to link the structure and trajectory of the slave trade in a major exporting region to the expansion of a specific African merchant group - among other fresh insights into Atlantic Africa's involvement in the trade - and the most comprehensive treatment of Atlantic slave trade in the Bight of Biafra. The fundamental role of culture in the organization of trade is highlighted, transcending the usual economic explanations in a way that complicates traditional generalizations about work, domestic slavery, and gender in pre-colonial Africa.

From Slave Trade To Legitimate Commerce

From Slave Trade to  Legitimate  Commerce PDF
Author: Robin Law
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521523066
Size: 56.12 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 292
View: 364

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This edited collection, written by eleven leading specialists, examines the nineteenth-century commercial transition in West Africa: the ending of the Atlantic slave trade and the development of alternative forms of 'legitimate' trade, mainly in vegetable products. Approaching the subject from an African, rather than a European or American, perspective, the case studies consider the effects of transition on the African societies involved. They offer significant insights into the history of pre-colonial Africa and the slave trade, the origins of European imperialism, and longer-term issues of economic development in Africa.