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Warriors Merchants And Slaves

Warriors  Merchants  and Slaves PDF
Author:
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804766135
Size: 11.12 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 293
View: 4594

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Over the course of two centuries, the region of the Middle Niger valley of the Western Sudan was dominated by three successive states: the indigenous Segu Bambara state, the Islamic Umarian state, and the French colonial state. In each of these states, warriors were the rulers, and not surprisingly warfare was the primary expression of state power. The survival of each state depended on its ability to reproduce its capacity to make war; in order to do so, the warrior state intervened in the economy. In each of the three states, the interrelationship of warfare, the state, and the economy produced different results. How the state actually intervened in the economy and how this intervention influenced the structure and performance of the economy is the subject of this book. During the 200 years under study, the regional economy of the Middle Niger valley expanded and contracted in response to the state's capacity to provide conditions favorable to commercial development, capital accumulation, and investment. When the Segu Bambara state was able to control the autonomy of its warriors, the state encouraged the expansion of the regional economy. The Umarians, on the other hand, preyed upon producers within the region, and created conditions that discouraged long-term investments. The very success of the French conquest initially encouraged investment, especially in the form of slaves. After 1894, however, conflict between civilian colonial authorities and the French military undermined the economic and social foundations erected by the military. From 1905 to 1914, slaves left their masters and helped once again to transform the structure and performance of the economy.

Two Worlds Of Cotton

Two Worlds of Cotton PDF
Author: Richard L. Roberts
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804726528
Size: 23.10 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 381
View: 629

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A major new approach to the study of the social and economic history of colonial French West Africa, this book traces French efforts to establish a cotton export economy in the French Soudan from the early nineteenth century through the end of World War II. By showing how a regionally based local economy successfully withstood the pressure from European capitalist markets and colonial aspirations, the book sheds new light on various generally accepted assumptions about the character of colonial economies and their integration into global export markets. It thus challenges the notion that colonial political, military, and elite intellectual hegemony translated directly or easily into regional economic hegemony. In making this argument, the book points to inherent weaknesses in the usual view of the colonial state, notably the failure to recognize sufficiently the enduring power of local processes - or local currents of culture and practice - to withstand empire and ultimately shape the experience of colonialism.

Soldiers Traders And Slaves

Soldiers  Traders  and Slaves PDF
Author: Janet Ewald
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299126049
Size: 16.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 270
View: 6988

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In the Nuba Hills, on the frontiers of the Islamic Sudan, a dynasty of Muslim warrior kings arose in the eighteenth century. Their kingdom, Taqali, survived as an independent state, resisting conquest by larger empires, and coming under external control only during the twentieth century. Janet Ewald has written the first comprehensive account of the origins and development of the Taqali kingdom. Ewald shows how events originating far beyond the Taqali massif allowed local Muslim soldiers to become kings of the Taqali in the eighteenth century and then to hold on to their power. But the nature of that power was shaped by the highland farmers who stubbornly and largely successfully resisted the efforts of the kings to parlay their control over the means of production. In this struggle religion became an ideological weapon on both sides, as the Taqali farmers asserted their local beliefs against their Muslim rulers. Political confrontations also bore unintended economic consequences. Ewald's account of Taqali challenges current views on the impact of Islam, merchant capitalism, and Egyptian military administration in nineteenth-century Sudan.

Transformations In Slavery

Transformations in Slavery PDF
Author: Paul E. Lovejoy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139502778
Size: 76.15 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4376

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This history of African slavery from the fifteenth to the early twentieth centuries examines how indigenous African slavery developed within an international context. Paul E. Lovejoy discusses the medieval Islamic slave trade and the Atlantic trade as well as the enslavement process and the marketing of slaves. He considers the impact of European abolition and assesses slavery's role in African history. The book corrects the accepted interpretation that African slavery was mild and resulted in the slaves' assimilation. Instead, slaves were used extensively in production, although the exploitation methods and the relationships to world markets differed from those in the Americas. Nevertheless, slavery in Africa, like slavery in the Americas, developed from its position on the periphery of capitalist Europe. This new edition revises all statistical material on the slave trade demography and incorporates recent research and an updated bibliography.

Pre Colonial Africa In Colonial African Narratives

Pre Colonial Africa in Colonial African Narratives PDF
Author: Donald R. Wehrs
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131707629X
Size: 52.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 206
View: 3300

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In his study of the origins of political reflection in twentieth-century African fiction, Donald Wehrs examines a neglected but important body of African texts written in colonial (English and French) and indigenous (Hausa and Yoruba) languages. He explores pioneering narrative representations of pre-colonial African history and society in seven texts: Casely Hayford's Ethiopia Unbound (1911), Alhaji Sir Abubaker Tafawa Balewa's Shaihu Umar (1934), Paul Hazoumé's Doguicimi (1938), D.O. Fagunwa's Forest of a Thousand Daemons (1938), Amos Tutuola's The Palm-Wine Drinkard (1952) and My Life in the Bush of Ghosts (1954), and Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart (1958). Wehrs highlights the role of pre-colonial political economies and articulations of state power on colonial-era considerations of ethical and political issues, and is attentive to the gendered implications of texts and authorial choices. By positioning Things Fall Apart as the culmination of a tradition, rather than as its inaugural work, he also reconfigures how we think of African fiction. His book supplements recent work on the importance of indigenous contexts and discourses in situating colonial-era narratives and will inspire fresh methodological strategies for studying the continent from a multiplicity of perspectives.

Die Konomie Der Ackerbauer Viehhalter Und Fischer

Die   konomie der Ackerbauer  Viehhalter und Fischer PDF
Author: Volker Stamm
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110582473
Size: 24.27 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 197
View: 6343

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In der bisherigen Forschung zur westafrikanischen Wirtschaftsgeschichte nahm die Agrargeschichte eine untergeordnete Rolle ein, trotz der überragenden Bedeutung der Landwirtschaft für die Menschen in historischer Zeit. Ihr ist die vorliegende Publikation gewidmet. Gestützt auf umfangreiche schriftliche und archäologische Quellen untersucht sie Anbau- und Viehhaltungssysteme in der Zeitspanne von ca. 1000 bis 1900 in der westafrikanischen Savannenregion. Dabei konzentriert sie sich auf die verbreiteten Agrarpraktiken und ihre Ergebnisse. Es wird untersucht, welche Güter erzeugt wurden und welche Verwendung sie fanden. War die Landwirtschaft rein auf die Selbstversorgung ausgerichtet oder gab es, lange vor dem Einfluss europäischer Kaufleute, bereits innerafrikanische Handelsbeziehungen? Welche Entwicklungspfade schlugen die Agrarsysteme ein, oder müssen sie als statisch betrachtet werden? Trotz starker externer Einflüsse, etwa im Rahmen des Sklavenhandels, wird die Rolle der internen Akteure, der Ackerbauern, Viehhalter und Fischer, besonders hervorgehoben. Im Ergebnis zeigt sich das Bild eines vielgestaltigen Wirtschaftslebens, das sich immer wieder an geänderte äußere Bedingungen anpasste. Bis zum Einsetzen der Kolonialherrschaft wies es viele der Charakteristika auf, die auch von anderen vorindustriellen Gesellschaftsformationen bekannt sind.

Weltgeschichte Der Sklaverei

Weltgeschichte der Sklaverei PDF
Author: Egon Flaig
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406621963
Size: 78.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Sklaverei - Geschichte
Languages : de
Pages : 243
View: 5187

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