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Who Discovered America

Who Discovered America  PDF
Author: Gavin Menzies
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0062236776
Size: 41.88 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 1083

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Greatly expanding on his blockbuster 1421, distinguished historian Gavin Menzies uncovers the complete untold history of how mankind came to the Americas—offering new revelations and a radical rethinking of the accepted historical record in Who Discovered America? The iconoclastic historian’s magnum opus, Who Discovered America? calls into question our understanding of how the American continents were settled, shedding new light on the well-known “discoveries” of European explorers, including Christopher Columbus. In Who Discovered America? he combines meticulous research and an adventurer’s spirit to reveal astounding new evidence of an ancient Asian seagoing tradition—most notably the Chinese—that dates as far back as 130,000 years ago. Menzies offers a revolutionary new alternative to the “Beringia” theory of how humans crossed a land bridge connecting Asia and North America during the last Ice Age, and provides a wealth of staggering claims, that hold fascinating and astonishing implications for the history of mankind.

Who Discovered America

Who Discovered America  PDF
Author: Jo Ellen Moore
Publisher: Evan-Moor Educational Publishers
ISBN: 9781557992185
Size: 67.24 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : America
Languages : en
Pages : 48
View: 3971

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This cross-curricular unit explores the many peoples who discovered America and asks "Who is discovering America today?" Ancient legends of travel to the New World are presented and explored, as is archeological evidence of the earliest peoples to cross the Ice Age land bridge from Asia to North America. The story of Leif Ericsson is recounted, as is that of Christopher Columbus. Projects involve literature, science facts, creative writing, research skills, art, and math. Reproducibles include illustrated pages for a Little Book About Christopher Columbus, a Columbus time line, the Vikings, drawing steps for early ships, pop-up books, a Venn Diagram, connect the dots, word search, crossword puzzle, math challenges, and more. There are other pages with forms for writing a letter to Queen Isabella, interviewing a famous explorer (role playing), taking a poll, making a mural, and creating a short report. Topics also addressed include archeology, the First Americans, other European explorers, immigrants, and alternative points of view. Features complete, step-by-step instructions for all projects. Numerous illustrations throughout. All 48 pages perforated for easy removal.

Who Was First

Who was First  PDF
Author: Russell Freedman
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781428770263
Size: 40.16 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : America
Languages : en
Pages : 88
View: 487

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"For a long time, most people believed that Christopher Columbus was the first explorer to 'discover' America--the first to make a successful round-trip voyage across the Atlantic. But in recent years, as new evidence has come to light, our understanding of history has changed. We know now that Columbus was among the last explorers to reach the Americas, not the first"--Jacket.

Before Columbus

Before Columbus PDF
Author: Harry Edward Neal
Publisher: Julian Messner
ISBN: 9780671424046
Size: 63.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : America
Languages : en
Pages : 95
View: 5537

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Presents several theories concerning the first discoverers of America and describes pre-Columbian voyages of exploration by the Irish, the Norsemen, the English, and others.

1421

1421 PDF
Author: Gavin Menzies
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448154839
Size: 63.44 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 656
View: 2508

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On 8 March 1421, the largest fleet the world had ever seen set sail from China. The ships, some nearly five hundred feet long, were under the command of Emperor Zhu Di's loyal eunuch admirals. Their mission was 'to proceed all the way to the end of the earth to collect tribute from the barbarians beyond the seas' and unite the world in Confucian harmony. Their journey would last for over two years and take them around the globe but by the time they returned home, China was beginning its long, self-imposed isolation from the world it had so recently embraced. And so the great ships were left to rot and the records of their journey were destroyed. And with them, the knowledge that the Chinese had circumnavigated the globe a century before Magellan, reached America seventy years before Columbus, and Australia three hundred and fifty years before Cook... The result of fifteen years research, 1421 is Gavin Menzies' enthralling account of the voyage of the Chinese fleet, the remarkable discoveries he made and the persuasive evidence to support them: ancient maps, precise navigational knowledge, astronomy and the surviving accounts of Chinese explorers and the later European navigators as well as the traces the fleet left behind - from sunken junks to the votive offerings left by the Chinese sailors wherever they landed, giving thanks to Shao Lin, goddess of the sea. Already hailed as a classic, this is the story of an extraordinary journey of discovery that not only radically alters our understanding of world exploration but also rewrites history itself.

Who Really Discovered America

Who Really Discovered America  PDF
Author: Avery Hart
Publisher: Williamson Books
ISBN: 9781885593467
Size: 52.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Juvenile Fiction
Languages : en
Pages : 96
View: 4484

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Focusing on six popularly held theories, the authors debate the question of who discovered America, encouraging readers to question what they read and draw their own conclusions.

Who Really Discovered America

Who Really Discovered America  PDF
Author: Kristine Carlson Asselin
Publisher: Capstone
ISBN: 1429662476
Size: 67.86 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 32
View: 5015

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"Follows the stories of ancient nomads, Leif Eriksson, and Christopher Columbus as they make their way to a new land we now call America"--Provided by publisher.

Terra Cognita

Terra Cognita PDF
Author: Eviatar Zerubavel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351305980
Size: 21.97 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 164
View: 1313

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Most of us are fascinated by the conventional storybook account of Christopher Columbus' heroic discovery of America in 1492. Yet, should the credit for discovering America go to a man who insisted it was but a few islands off the shores of China?In Terra Cognita, Eviatar Zerubavel argues that physical encounters are only one part of the complex, multifaceted process of discovery. Such encounters must be complemented by an understanding of the true identity of what is being discovered. The small group of islands claimed by Columbus to have been discovered off the shores of Asia was a far cry from what we now call America. The discovery of the New World was not achieved in a single day but was a slow process--mental as well as physical--that lasted almost three hundred years. By celebrating 1492 as a year of discovery, we inevitably distort the reality of history.In vividly documenting how a slowly emerging New World gradually forced itself into Europe's consciousness, Zerubavel shows that Columbus did not discover America on October 12, 1492. Supplemented by fascinating old maps and a new preface written for this paperback edition, Terra Cognita will be of interest to historians, geographers, cognitive scientists, sociologists, and students of culture.

Norse America

Norse America PDF
Author: Gordon Campbell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198861559
Size: 65.83 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 1050

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The story of the Vikings in North America as both fact and fiction, from the westward expansion of the Norse across the North Atlantic in the tenth and eleventh centuries to the myths and fabrications about their presence there that have developed in recent centuries. Tracking the saga of the Norse across the North Atlantic to America, Norse America sets the record straight about the idea that the Vikings 'discovered' America. The journey described is a continuum, with evidence-based history and archaeology at one end, and fake history and outright fraud at the other. In between there lies a huge expanse of uncertainty: sagas that may contain shards of truth, characters that may be partly historical, real archaeology that may be interpreted through the fictions of saga, and fragmentary evidence open to responsible and irresponsible interpretation. Norse America is a book that tells two stories. The first is the westward expansion of the Norse across the North Atlantic in the tenth and eleventh centuries, ending (but not culminating) in a fleeting and ill-documented presence on the shores of the North American mainland. The second is the appropriation and enhancement of the westward narrative by Canadians and Americans who want America to have had white North European origins, who therefore want the Vikings to have 'discovered' America, and who in the advancement of that thesis have been willing to twist and manufacture evidence in support of claims grounded in an ideology of racial superiority.

Who Discovered America

Who Discovered America  PDF
Author: Patricia Lauber
Publisher: Harpercollins
ISBN:
Size: 76.36 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 79
View: 5097

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Discusses how information on the settling and exploration of America before Columbus has been compiled from archaeological discoveries.

Who Really Discovered America

Who Really Discovered America  PDF
Author: Stephen Krensky
Publisher: Scholastic
ISBN: 9780590408547
Size: 32.52 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : America
Languages : en
Pages : 64
View: 6124

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Examines the races, tribes, wanderers, and explorers who may have found America before Columbus, including the prehistoric nomads who crossed the land bridge from Asia and possible Polynesian, Phoenician, and European visitors by sea.

The Muslim Discovery Of America

The Muslim Discovery of America PDF
Author: Frederick William Dame
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3848238632
Size: 15.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 476
View: 6834

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Some so-called authorities claim that Muslims came to America hundreds of years before Columbus arrived in the New World. Are the claims true? Columbus' expedition represents the first major discovery of the Americas and the first appearance of non-Native Americans. The conventional wisdom is that Columbus ended tens of thousands of years of near-total isolation for the Native Americans. Since the Americas had been initially populated (probably between 13,000 BC and 11,000 BC) there had been no engagement with peoples from any other continent, save small ventures by the Norse into Northeastem Canada. Did Muslims come to the Americas, possibly as early as the 700s? These researchers argue that Muslims came from Islamic Spain, particularly the port of Delba (Pelos) during the rule of Caliph Abdullah Ibn Mohammed (888-912). A Muslim historian, Abul-Hassan Al-Masudi (c. 895-957), added a map of the world to his book, one that contained "a large area in the ocean of darkness and fog" (the Atlantic ocean) which he referred to as the unknown territory (the Americas). This book demonstrates that this assertion is important for Muslims because in conjunction with the relevant verses from the Koran and quotes from Mohammed it establishes the claim of Muslims that Allah intended America to be Islamic. The book also investigates the lives of selected Muslims in America and organizations from the eighteenth century into the twenty-first century. It reveals that there was nothing more than a continuation of typical Islamic deception and subversive jihad. It also documents the lie of the Islamic claim that hundreds of place names in the United States of America and Canada derive from Arabic-Islamic roots. Finally, the book exposes the rewriting of American history by Islamic and pro-Islamic media. This book is alarming, informative, interesting, and true.

Lowji Discovers America

Lowji Discovers America PDF
Author: Candace Fleming
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9781439107843
Size: 22.57 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Juvenile Fiction
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 3758

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Dear Jamshed, America is not so different from what we thought. I told you I wouldn't see a single cowboy riding across the plain, and I haven't. I have not even seen a plain. Still, there are some silver linings. They are: Trapper and King, the cat and dog who live in the apartment building. They are cuddly and waggy. I am not allowed to play with them, though, becayse they are supposed to catch mice and keep burglars away. Ironman. He owns a pig and talks to me a lot. But he is a grown-up. Kids. I can hear them playing outside. Too bad they do not want to play with me. I wish you were here. Do you wish I was in India? Write back soon. Your friend, Lowji

The Venetian Discovery Of America

The Venetian Discovery of America PDF
Author: Elizabeth Horodowich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107150876
Size: 31.65 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 332
View: 2287

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Demonstrates how Venetian newsmongers played a crucial yet heretofore unrecognized role in the invention of America.

The Lost Colonies Of Ancient America

The Lost Colonies of Ancient America PDF
Author: Frank Joseph
Publisher: New Page Books
ISBN: 9781601632784
Size: 40.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
Languages : en
Pages : 319
View: 5198

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"The question is no longer 'Who discovered America?' Thanks to Frank Joseph, the question is now, 'Who didn't discover America?'" --David Goudsward, author, Ancient Stone Sites of New England and the Debate Over Early European Exploration "Here is the history of ancient America you were never taught at school. Frank Joseph, drawing on decades of meticulous research and exploration, has uncovered the evidence that rewrites the history books. A vital addition to the library of anyone seeking knowledge of America's forgotten past." --David Jones, editor, New Dawn Magazine The Original Visitors to the New World Revealed Was America truly unknown to the outside world until Christopher Columbus "discovered" it in 1492? Could a people gifted enough to raise the Great Pyramid more than 4,000 years ago have lacked the skills necessary to build a ship capable of crossing the Atlantic? Did the Phoenicians, who circumnavigated the African continent in 600 bc, never consider sailing farther? Were the Vikings, the most fearless warriors and seafarers of all time, terrified at the prospect of a transoceanic voyage? If so, how are we to account for an Egyptian temple accidentally unearthed by Tennessee Valley Authority workers in 1935? What is a beautifully crafted metal plate with the image of a Phoenician woman doing in the Utah desert? And who can explain the discovery of Viking houses and wharves excavated outside of Boston? These enigmas are but a tiny fraction of the abundant physical proof for Old World visitors to our continent hundreds and thousands of years ago. In addition, Sumerians, Minoans, Romans, Celts, ancient Hebrews, Indonesians, Africans, Chinese, Japanese, Welsh, Irish, and the Knights Templar all made their indelible, if neglected, mark on our land.